Saint Lucia

Saint Lucia
Location of  Saint Lucia  (circled in red)in the Caribbean  (light yellow)
Location of  Saint Lucia  (circled in red)

in the Caribbean  (light yellow)

Location of Saint Lucia
Capital
and largest city
Castries
14°1′N 60°59′W / 14°1′N 60°59′W / 14.017; -60.983
Official languagesEnglish
Vernacular
languages
Saint Lucian Creole French[1]
Ethnic groups (2010[2])
DemonymSaint Lucian
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
Neville Cenac
Allen Chastanet
LegislatureParliament
Senate
House of Assembly
Independence
1 March 1967
• from the United Kingdom
22 February 1979
Area
• Total
617 km2 (238 sq mi) (178th)
• Water (%)
1.6
Population
• 2016 estimate
178,015[3]
• 2010 census
165,595
• Density
300/km2 (777.0/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$2.110 billion[4]
• Per capita
$12,022[4]
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$1.428 billion[4]
• Per capita
$8,135[4]
HDI (2014)Steady 0.729[5]
high · 89th
CurrencyEast Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Time zoneUTC−4
Drives on theleft
Calling code+1 758
ISO 3166 codeLC
Internet TLD.lc

Saint Lucia (ə/ (About this sound listen); French: Sainte-Lucie) is a sovereign island country in the West Indies in the eastern Caribbean Sea on the boundary with the Atlantic Ocean.[6] Part of the Lesser Antilles, it is located north/northeast of the island of Saint Vincent, northwest of Barbados and south of Martinique. It covers a land area of 617 km2 (238 square miles) and reported a population of 165,595 in the 2010 census.[7] Its capital is Castries.

The French were the island's first European settlers. They signed a treaty with the native Island Caribs in 1660. England took control of the island from 1663 to 1667. In ensuing years, it was at war with France fourteen times, and rule of the island changed frequently (it was ruled seven times each by the French and British). In 1814, the British took definitive control of the island. Because it switched so often between British and French control, Saint Lucia was also known as the "Helen of the West Indies".

Representative government came about in 1840 (with universal suffrage from 1953). From 1958 to 1962, the island was a member of the West Indies Federation. On 22 February 1979, Saint Lucia became an independent state and a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.[6] Saint Lucia is a mixed jurisdiction,[8] meaning that it has a legal system based in part on both the civil law and English common law. The Civil Code of St. Lucia of 1867 was based on the Quebec Civil Code of 1866, as supplemented by English common law-style legislation. It is also a member of Organisation internationale de la Francophonie.[9]

Etymology

One of the Windward Islands, Saint Lucia was named after Saint Lucy of Syracuse by the French, who were the island's first European settlers. It is the only country in the world named after a living woman (Ireland is named after the Celtic goddess of fertilityEire).[10] Legend states French sailors were shipwrecked here on 13 December, the feast day of St. Lucy, thus naming the island in honor of Sainte Lucie.[11]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: St. Lucia
Alemannisch: St. Lucia
አማርኛ: ሰይንት ሉሻ
العربية: سانت لوسيا
arpetan: Santa-Lucie
asturianu: Santa Llucía
Avañe'ẽ: Santa Lucía
Aymar aru: Santa Lusiya
azərbaycanca: Sent-Lüsiya
تۆرکجه: سنت لوسیا
Bân-lâm-gú: Saint Lucia
башҡортса: Сент-Люсия
беларуская: Сент-Люсія
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Сьвятая Люсія
Bikol Central: Santa Lucia
български: Сейнт Лусия
Boarisch: St. Lucia
bosanski: Sveta Lucija
буряад: Сент-Люси
català: Saint Lucia
Cebuano: Saint Lucia
čeština: Svatá Lucie
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Santa Lucía
chiShona: Saint Lucia
Cymraeg: Sant Lwsia
Deutsch: St. Lucia
ދިވެހިބަސް: ސަންތި ލޫސިއާ
dolnoserbski: Saint Lucia
Ελληνικά: Αγία Λουκία
эрзянь: Сент-Люсия
español: Santa Lucía
Esperanto: Sankta Lucio
estremeñu: Santa Luzia
euskara: Santa Luzia
eʋegbe: Saint Lucia
فارسی: سنت لوسیا
Fiji Hindi: Saint Lucia
føroyskt: St. Lusia
français: Sainte-Lucie
Frysk: Sint-Lusia
Gaeilge: San Lucia
Gaelg: Noo Lucia
Gàidhlig: Naomh Lùisia
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: सेंट लुसिया
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Saint Lucia
հայերեն: Սենտ Լյուսիա
hornjoserbsce: Saint Lucia
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: সান্টা লউসিয়া
Bahasa Indonesia: Saint Lucia
Interlingue: Sant Lucia
íslenska: Sankti Lúsía
italiano: Saint Lucia
עברית: סנט לוסיה
Basa Jawa: Santa Lucia
ქართული: სენტ-ლუსია
қазақша: Сент-Люсия
kernowek: Sen Lusia
Kiswahili: Saint Lucia
Kreyòl ayisyen: Sent Lisi
kurdî: Saint Lucia
Кыргызча: Сент-Люсия
Ladino: Santa Lusia
latviešu: Sentlūsija
Lëtzebuergesch: Saint Lucia
lietuvių: Sent Lusija
Limburgs: Saint Lucia
lingála: Santa Luzia
Livvinkarjala: Sent-Lusia
lumbaart: Santa Lüzia
magyar: Saint Lucia
македонски: Света Луција
Malagasy: Masina Lucie
მარგალური: სენტ-ლუსია
Bahasa Melayu: Saint Lucia
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Saint Lucia
мокшень: Сент-Люсие
Nederlands: Saint Lucia
नेपाल भाषा: सन्त लुसिया
нохчийн: Сент-Люси
Nordfriisk: St. Lucia
Norfuk / Pitkern: Saint Lucia
norsk nynorsk: Saint Lucia
Novial: Sankte Lusia
occitan: Santa Lúcia
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Sent Lyusiya
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਸੇਂਟ ਲੂਸੀਆ
پنجابی: سینٹ لوشیا
Papiamentu: Saint Lucia
Patois: Sin Luusha
Piemontèis: Santa Lussìa
Plattdüütsch: St. Lucia
polski: Saint Lucia
português: Santa Lúcia
qırımtatarca: Sent Lüsiya
română: Sfânta Lucia
русский: Сент-Люсия
саха тыла: Сент Лусия
संस्कृतम्: सेंट लूसिया
Simple English: Saint Lucia
slovenčina: Svätá Lucia
slovenščina: Sveta Lucija (država)
ślůnski: Saint Lucia
Soomaaliga: Saint Lukia
српски / srpski: Света Луција
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Sveta Lucija
Basa Sunda: Saint Lusia
svenska: Saint Lucia
татарча/tatarça: Сент-Люсия
Türkçe: Saint Lucia
українська: Сент-Люсія
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: سېنت ليۇسىيە
Vahcuengh: Saint Lucia
vepsän kel’: Sent Lüsii
Tiếng Việt: Saint Lucia
Volapük: Sanlusiyän
文言: 聖露西亞
吴语: 圣卢西亚
粵語: 聖盧西亞
Zazaki: Saint Lucia
Zeêuws: Saint Lucia
žemaitėška: Sent Liusėjė
中文: 圣卢西亚
Lingua Franca Nova: San Lusia