Safavid dynasty

  • safavid dynasty
    safavid flag.svg
    safavid flag after 1576
    countrysafavid iran
    founded1501
    founderismail i (1501–1524)
    final rulerabbas iii (1732–1736)

    the safavid dynasty (ɑː-/; persian: دودمان صفوی‎, romanizeddudmâne safavi,[1] pronounced [d̪uːd̪ˈmɒːne sæfæˈviː]) was one of the most significant ruling dynasties of iran from 1501 to 1736.[2] the safavid dynasty had its origin in the safavid order of sufism, which was established in the city of ardabil in the azerbaijan region. it was an iranian dynasty of kurdish origin[3] but during their rule they intermarried with turkoman,[4] georgian,[5] circassian,[6][7] and pontic greek[8] dignitaries. from their base in ardabil, the safavids established control over parts of greater iran and reasserted the iranian identity of the region,[9] thus becoming the first native dynasty since the sasanian empire to establish a national state officially known as iran.[10]

    the safavids ruled from 1501 to 1722 (experiencing a brief restoration from 1729 to 1736) and, at their height, they controlled all of what is now iran, azerbaijan republic, bahrain, armenia, eastern georgia, parts of the north caucasus, iraq, kuwait, and afghanistan, as well as parts of turkey, syria, pakistan, turkmenistan and uzbekistan.

    despite their demise in 1736, the legacy that they left behind was the revival of iran as an economic stronghold between east and west, the establishment of an efficient state and bureaucracy based upon "checks and balances", their architectural innovations and their patronage for fine arts. the safavids have also left their mark down to the present era by spreading twelver islam in iran, as well as major parts of the caucasus, anatolia, and mesopotamia.

  • genealogy—ancestors of the safavids and its multi-cultural identity
  • safavid shahs of iran
  • mothers of safavid shahs
  • culture
  • see also
  • references
  • bibliography
  • further reading
  • external links

Safavid dynasty
Safavid Flag.svg
Safavid flag after 1576
CountrySafavid Iran
Founded1501
FounderIsmail I (1501–1524)
Final rulerAbbas III (1732–1736)

The Safavid dynasty (ɑː-/; Persian: دودمان صفوی‎, romanizedDudmâne Safavi,[1] pronounced [d̪uːd̪ˈmɒːne sæfæˈviː]) was one of the most significant ruling dynasties of Iran from 1501 to 1736.[2] The Safavid dynasty had its origin in the Safavid order of Sufism, which was established in the city of Ardabil in the Azerbaijan region. It was an Iranian dynasty of Kurdish origin[3] but during their rule they intermarried with Turkoman,[4] Georgian,[5] Circassian,[6][7] and Pontic Greek[8] dignitaries. From their base in Ardabil, the Safavids established control over parts of Greater Iran and reasserted the Iranian identity of the region,[9] thus becoming the first native dynasty since the Sasanian Empire to establish a national state officially known as Iran.[10]

The Safavids ruled from 1501 to 1722 (experiencing a brief restoration from 1729 to 1736) and, at their height, they controlled all of what is now Iran, Azerbaijan Republic, Bahrain, Armenia, eastern Georgia, parts of the North Caucasus, Iraq, Kuwait, and Afghanistan, as well as parts of Turkey, Syria, Pakistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.

Despite their demise in 1736, the legacy that they left behind was the revival of Iran as an economic stronghold between East and West, the establishment of an efficient state and bureaucracy based upon "checks and balances", their architectural innovations and their patronage for fine arts. The Safavids have also left their mark down to the present era by spreading Twelver Islam in Iran, as well as major parts of the Caucasus, Anatolia, and Mesopotamia.

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Safawiden
azərbaycanca: Səfəvilər
башҡортса: Сәфәүиҙәр
български: Сефевиди
čeština: Safíovci
Deutsch: Safawiden
Ελληνικά: Σαφαβίδες
Esperanto: Safavidoj
français: Séfévides
گیلکی: صفوئن
한국어: 사파비 왕조
հայերեն: Սեֆյաններ
हिन्दी: सफ़वी वंश
Bahasa Indonesia: Dinasti Safawiyah
íslenska: Safavídaríkið
italiano: Safavidi
latviešu: Sefevīdi
magyar: Szafavidák
مصرى: صفويين
مازِرونی: صفویون
Bahasa Melayu: Wangsa Safawiyah
Nederlands: Safawieden
norsk: Safavidene
norsk nynorsk: Safavidane
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Safaviylar sulolasi
پښتو: صفویان
polski: Safawidzi
português: Safávidas
română: Safevizi
русский: Сефевиды
Simple English: Safavid dynasty
slovenčina: Safíjovci
српски / srpski: Сафавиди
suomi: Safavidit
svenska: Safavider
Türkçe: Safevîler
українська: Сефевіди
Tiếng Việt: Nhà Safavid
吴语: 萨菲王朝
粵語: 薩法維
中文: 萨非王朝