Rugby league

Rugby league
Lance hohaia running into the defence (rugby league).jpg
An attacking player attempts to evade two defenders
Highest governing body Rugby League International Federation
Nicknames League, RL
First played 7 September 1895, post schism, Northern England
Registered players 600,000 (Total)
Clubs 5,000
Characteristics
Contact Full contact
Team members Thirteen
Mixed gender Single
Type Team sport, Outdoor
Equipment Rugby League ball
Venue Rugby league playing field

Rugby league is a full contact sport played by two teams of thirteen players on a rectangular field. [1] [2] [3] One of the two codes of rugby, it originated in Northern England in 1895 as a split from the Rugby Football Union over the issue of payments to players. [4] Its rules progressively changed with the aim of producing a faster, more entertaining game for spectators. [5]

In rugby league, points are scored by carrying the ball and touching it to the ground beyond the opposing team's goal line; this is called a try, and is the primary method of scoring. [3] The opposing team attempts to stop the attacking side scoring points by tackling the player carrying the ball. [3] In addition to tries, points can be scored by kicking goals. After each try, the scoring team gains a free kick to try at goal with a conversion for further points. [3] Kicks at goal may also be awarded for penalties, and field goals can be attempted at any time.

Rugby league is a popular sport in Northern England, [6] the states of Queensland and New South Wales in Australia, [7] New Zealand, [8] southwest France and is the national sport of Papua New Guinea. [9] [10] [11] The European Super League and the National Rugby League (NRL) are the premier club competitions. Rugby league is played internationally, predominantly by European, Australasian and Pacific Island countries, and is governed by the Rugby League International Federation. The first Rugby League World Cup was held in France in 1954; the current holders are Australia. [12]

Etymology

Rugby league football takes its name from the bodies that split to create a new form of rugby, distinct from that run by the Rugby Football Unions, in Britain, Australia and New Zealand between 1895 and 1908.

The first of these, the Northern Rugby Football Union, was established in 1895 as a breakaway faction of England's Rugby Football Union (RFU). Both organisations played the game under the same rules at first, although the Northern Union began to modify rules almost immediately, thus creating a new faster, stronger paced form of rugby football. Similar breakaway factions split from RFU-affiliated unions in Australia and New Zealand in 1907 and 1908, renaming themselves "rugby football leagues" and introducing Northern Union rules. [13] In 1922, the Northern Union also changed its name to the Rugby Football League [14] and thus over time the sport itself became known as "rugby league" football.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Rugby League
العربية: دوري الرغبي
asturianu: Rugby League
català: Rugbi a 13
čeština: Rugby league
Deutsch: Rugby League
Ελληνικά: Ράγκμπι λιγκ
español: Rugby League
Esperanto: Rugbeo 13
français: Rugby à XIII
Gàidhlig: Rugbaidh lìog
galego: Rugby league
한국어: 럭비 리그
हिन्दी: रग्बी लीग
Bahasa Indonesia: Liga rugbi
italiano: Rugby a 13
Lëtzebuergesch: Rugby League
magyar: Ligarögbi
मराठी: रग्बी लीग
Nederlands: Rugby League
occitan: Rugbi de XIII
polski: Rugby league
português: Rugby league
русский: Регбилиг
Simple English: Rugby league
slovenčina: Rugby League
српски / srpski: Рагби лига
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Рагби лига
svenska: Rugby league
Türkçe: Ragbi ligi
українська: Регбіліг