Roy Lichtenstein

Roy Lichtenstein
Roy Lichtenstein.jpg
Roy Lichtenstein, 1967
Roy Fox Lichtenstein[1]

(1923-10-27)October 27, 1923
DiedSeptember 29, 1997(1997-09-29) (aged 73)
Manhattan, New York City, United States
EducationTimothy Dwight School
Alma materOhio State University
Known forPainting, sculpture
MovementPop Art
Spouse(s)Isabel Wilson (1949–1965; divorced; 2 children inc. Mitchell)
Dorothy Herzka (1968–1997; his death)
Patron(s)Gunter Sachs

Roy Fox Lichtenstein (n/; October 27, 1923 – September 29, 1997) was an American pop artist. During the 1960s, along with Andy Warhol, Jasper Johns, and James Rosenquist among others, he became a leading figure in the new art movement. His work defined the premise of pop art through parody.[2] Inspired by the comic strip, Lichtenstein produced precise compositions that documented while they parodied, often in a tongue-in-cheek manner. His work was influenced by popular advertising and the comic book style. He described pop art as "not 'American' painting but actually industrial painting".[3] His paintings were exhibited at the Leo Castelli Gallery in New York City.

Whaam! and Drowning Girl are generally regarded as Lichtenstein's most famous works,[4][5][6] with Oh, Jeff...I Love You, Too...But... arguably third.[7] Drowning Girl, Whaam! and Look Mickey are regarded as his most influential works.[8] His most expensive piece is Masterpiece, which was sold for $165 million in January 2017.[9]

Early years

Lichtenstein was born in New York, into an upper-middle-class Jewish family.[1][10][11] His father, Milton, was a real estate broker, his mother, Beatrice (Werner), a homemaker.[12] He was raised on the Upper West Side and attended public school until the age of twelve. He then attended New York's Dwight School, graduating from there in 1940. Lichtenstein first became interested in art and design as a hobby, through school.[13] He was an avid jazz fan, often attending concerts at the Apollo Theater in Harlem.[13] He frequently drew portraits of the musicians playing their instruments.[13] In his last year of high school, 1939, Lichtenstein enrolled in summer classes at the Art Students League of New York, where he worked under the tutelage of Reginald Marsh.[14]

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