Ronald Ross

Ronald Ross

Ronald Ross.jpg
Born(1857-05-13)13 May 1857
Died16 September 1932(1932-09-16) (aged 75)
London, UK
Resting placePutney Vale Cemetery
51°26′18″N 0°14′23″W / 51°26′18″N 0°14′23″W / 51.438408; -0.239821
Alma materSt Bartholomew's Hospital Medical College
Society of Apothecaries
Known forDiscovering that the malaria parasite is transmitted by mosquitoes
Rosa Bessie Bloxam (m. 1889)
Scientific career
InstitutionsPresidency General Hospital, Calcutta
Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine
King's College Hospital
British War Office
Ministry of Pensions and National Insurance
Ross Institute and Hospital for Tropical Diseases
Author abbrev. (zoology)Ross

Sir Ronald Ross KCB KCMG FRS FRCS[1][2] (13 May 1857 – 16 September 1932) was a British medical doctor who received the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1902 for his work on the transmission of malaria, becoming the first British Nobel laureate, and the first born outside Europe. His discovery of the malarial parasite in the gastrointestinal tract of a mosquito in 1897 proved that malaria was transmitted by mosquitoes, and laid the foundation for the method of combating the disease. He was a polymath, writing a number of poems, published several novels, and composed songs. He was also an amateur artist and natural mathematician. He worked in the Indian Medical Service for 25 years. It was during his service that he made the groundbreaking medical discovery. After resigning from his service in India, he joined the faculty of Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, and continued as Professor and Chairman of Tropical Medicine of the institute for 10 years. In 1926 he became Director-in-Chief of the Ross Institute and Hospital for Tropical Diseases, which was established in honour of his works. He remained there until his death.[3][4]

Early life and education

Ronald Ross was born in Almora, India, North West of Nepal,[1] the eldest of ten children of Sir Campbell Claye Grant Ross, General in the British Indian Army, and Matilda Charlotte Elderton. At age eight he was sent to England to live with his aunt and uncle on the Isle of Wight. He attended Primary schools at Ryde, and for secondary education he was sent to a boarding school at Springhill, near Southampton, in 1869. From his early childhood he developed passion for poetry, music, literature and mathematics. At fourteen years of age he won a prize for mathematics, a book titled Orbs of Heaven which sparked his interest in mathematics. In 1873, at sixteen, he secured first position in the Oxford and Cambridge local examination in drawing.[5] Although he wanted to become a writer, his father arranged enrollment at St Bartholomew's Hospital Medical College in London, in 1874. Not fully committed, he spent most of his time composing music, and writing poems and plays. He left in 1880. In 1879 he had passed the examinations for the Royal College of Surgeons of England, and he worked as a ship's surgeon on a transatlantic steamship while studying for the licenciate of the Society of Apothecaries.[6] He qualified on second attempt in 1881, and after a four-month training at Army Medical School, he entered Indian Medical Service in 1881.[4] Between June 1888 and May 1889 he took study leave to obtain the Diploma in Public Health from the Royal College of Physicians and Royal College of Surgeons, and took a course in bacteriology under Professor E. E. Klein.[3]

Other Languages
العربية: رونالد روس
azərbaycanca: Ronald Ross
تۆرکجه: رونالد روس
беларуская: Рональд Рос
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Рональд Рос
български: Роналд Рос
català: Ronald Ross
čeština: Ronald Ross
Cymraeg: Ronald Ross
Deutsch: Ronald Ross
Ελληνικά: Ρόναλντ Ρος
español: Ronald Ross
Esperanto: Ronald Ross
euskara: Ronald Ross
français: Ronald Ross
Gaeilge: Ronald Ross
galego: Ronald Ross
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: रॉस, सर रॉनल्ड
한국어: 로널드 로스
հայերեն: Ռոնալդ Ռոս
hrvatski: Ronald Ross
Bahasa Indonesia: Ronald Ross
íslenska: Ronald Ross
italiano: Ronald Ross
עברית: רונלד רוס
қазақша: Рональд Росс
Kiswahili: Ronald Ross
Kreyòl ayisyen: Ronald Ross
latviešu: Ronalds Ross
magyar: Ronald Ross
македонски: Роналд Рос
Bahasa Melayu: Ronald Ross
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ရိုနယ်ရို့စ်
Nederlands: Ronald Ross
occitan: Ronald Ross
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Ronald Ross
پنجابی: رونالڈ روس
Plattdüütsch: Ronald Ross
polski: Ronald Ross
português: Ronald Ross
română: Ronald Ross
русский: Росс, Рональд
Simple English: Ronald Ross
slovenčina: Ronald Ross
slovenščina: Ronald Ross
српски / srpski: Роналд Рос
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Ronald Ross
svenska: Ronald Ross
татарча/tatarça: Роналд Росс
Türkçe: Ronald Ross
українська: Рональд Росс
Tiếng Việt: Ronald Ross
Yorùbá: Ronald Ross