Roman Catholic Diocese of Cremona

Diocese of Cremona
Dioecesis Cremonensis
Duomo Cremona.jpg
Location
CountryItaly
Ecclesiastical provinceMilan
Statistics
Area1,917 km2 (740 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2013)
368,797
331,250 (est.) (89.8%)
Parishes224
Information
DenominationCatholic Church
RiteRoman Rite
Established4th century
CathedralCattedrale di S. Maria Assunta
Secular priests308 (diocesan)
28 (Religious Orders)
Current leadership
PopeFrancis
BishopAntonio Napolioni
Emeritus BishopsDante Lafranconi
Map
Roman Catholic Diocese of Cremona in Italy.svg
Website
www.diocesidicremona.it

The Diocese of Cremona (Latin: Dioecesis Cremonensis) is a Roman Catholic ecclesiastical territory in northern Italy, a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Milan.[1][2] Its see is the Cremona Cathedral.

History

Cremona is in Lombardy, Italy, on the left bank of the River Po. It was built by the Cenomanni Gauls, but later became a Roman colony and a frontier fortress.

About 600 Cremona, until then a part of the Byzantine Emperor, was captured by the Lombard king, Agilulf. Under the Emperor Otto I and his successors, its bishops acquired temporal sovereignty, but in 900 the people expelled Bishop Olderico and adopted a republican form of government.

The Emperor Henry IV (1056–1106), however, confirmed Bishop Landulf in all imperial grants made to his predecessors. On the other hand Emperor Henry V (1106–25) restored to the people their communal rights. Thenceforth Cremona became a citadel of Ghibellinism and was greatly favoured by Frederic Barbarossa and Emperor Frederick II, though for the same reason frequently at war with the neighbouring cities. In later medieval times it had many lords or "tyrants", the Pallavicini, the Bovara, the Cavalcabo, the Visconti, the Sforza, until it became part of the Duchy of Milan (1328). In 1702 it was taken by imperial troops, and in 1796 and 1800 fell into the hands of the French.

The people of Cremona venerate St. Sabinus as their first missionary and first bishop; he is said to have lived in the 1st century of our era. Among the better-known early bishops are St. Syrinus (c. 340), a valiant apologist of the Faith against the Arians, and St. Silvinus (733); the latter is held in great veneration. Liudprand of Cremona was sent (946) as ambassador to Constantinople by the Emperor Otto II, and is the most famous historical writer of the 10th century.

Other important bishops were Gualtiero (1096), in whose time the cathedral was begun; Sicardo (1185), author of a chronicle; Cacciaconte da Somma (1261), under whom was erected the belfry of the cathedral; Niccolo Sfondrati (1560), later Pope Gregory XIV; his nephew Paolo (1607); also the zealous and charitable Omobono di Offredi (1791).