Rodrigo Duterte

Rodrigo Duterte
Mongolian Prime Minister Jargatulgyn Erdenebat and Duterte (cropped).jpg
16th President of the Philippines
Assumed office
June 30, 2016
Vice PresidentLeni Robredo
Preceded byBenigno Aquino III
Mayor of Davao City
In office
June 30, 2013 – June 30, 2016
Vice MayorPaolo Duterte
Preceded bySara Duterte
Succeeded bySara Duterte
In office
June 30, 2001 – June 30, 2010
Vice MayorLuis Bonguyan
Sara Duterte
Preceded byBenjamin de Guzman
Succeeded bySara Duterte
In office
February 2, 1988 – March 19, 1998
Vice MayorDominador Zuño (Acting)
Luis Bonguyan
Benjamin de Guzman
Preceded byJacinto Rubillar
Succeeded byBenjamin de Guzman
Vice Mayor of Davao City
In office
June 30, 2010 – June 30, 2013
MayorSara Duterte
Preceded bySara Duterte
Succeeded byPaolo Duterte
In office
May 2, 1986 – November 27, 1987
Officer in Charge
MayorZafiro Respicio
Preceded byCornelio Maskariño
Succeeded byGilbert Abellera
Member of the Philippine House of Representatives
from Davao City's 1st district
In office
June 30, 1998 – June 30, 2001
Preceded byProspero Nograles
Succeeded byProspero Nograles
Personal details
BornRodrigo Roa Duterte
(1945-03-28) March 28, 1945 (age 73)
Maasin, Leyte, Philippines
Political partyPDP–Laban (2001–present)
Other political
affiliations
Kabataang Makabayan[1] (1970s)
Laban ng Makabayang Masang Pilipino (1998–2001)
Hugpong sa Tawong Lungsod (2011–present)
Spouse(s)Elizabeth Zimmerman (m. 1973; ann. 2000)
Domestic partnerHoneylet Avanceña
Children4, including Paolo and Sara
ParentsVicente Duterte
Soledad Roa
ResidenceBahay Pagbabago[2][3][4]
Alma materLyceum of the Philippines University
San Beda College
Signature
WebsiteOfficial website

Rodrigo "Rody" Roa Duterte (Tagalog: [roˈdɾigo dʊˈtɛrtɛ]; born March 28, 1945), also known as Digong,[5] is a Filipino lawyer and politician who is the 16th and current President of the Philippines and the first from Mindanao, the southernmost island of the country to hold the office.[6][7][8][9] He is chair of the ruling PDP–Laban party. At 71 years old, Duterte is the oldest person to assume the Philippine presidency; the record was previously held by Sergio Osmeña at the age of 65.[10]

Duterte studied political science at the Lyceum of the Philippines University, graduating in 1968, before obtaining a law degree from San Beda College of Law in 1972. He then worked as a lawyer and was a prosecutor for Davao City, a highly urbanized city on Mindanao island, before becoming vice mayor and, subsequently, mayor of the city in the wake of the Philippine Revolution of 1986. Duterte was among the longest-serving mayors in the Philippines, serving seven terms and totaling more than 22 years in office.

Duterte's political success has been aided by his vocal support for the extrajudicial killing of drug users and other criminals.[11] Human rights groups have documented over 1,400 killings allegedly by death squads operating in Davao between 1998 and May 2016; the victims were mainly drug users, petty criminals and street children.[12] A 2009 report by the Philippine Commission on Human Rights confirmed the "systematic practice of extrajudicial killings" by the Davao Death Squad.[13][14] Duterte has alternately confirmed and denied his involvement.[15] The Office of the Ombudsman closed an investigation in January 2016 stating that they found no evidence that the Davao Death Squad exists, and no evidence to connect the police or Duterte with the killings.[13][14] The case has since been reopened.[16] Duterte has repeatedly confirmed that he personally killed three kidnapping suspects at a police checkpoint while Mayor of Davao in 1988.[17][18]

On May 9, 2016, Duterte won the Philippine presidential election with 39.01% of the votes, defeating four other candidates, namely Mar Roxas[19] of the Liberal Party (23.4%), Senator Grace Poe (21.6%), former vice president Jejomar Binay of the United Nationalist Alliance (12.9%), and the late Senator Miriam Defensor Santiago of the People's Reform Party (3%).[20] During his campaign, he promised to reduce crime by killing tens of thousands of criminals.[21] His domestic policy has focused on combating the illegal drug trade by initiating the Philippine Drug War. According to the Philippine National Police the death total passed 7,000 in January 2017, after which the police stopped publishing data.[22] Following criticism from United Nations human rights experts that extrajudicial killings had increased since his election, he threatened to withdraw the Philippines from the UN and form a new organization with China and African nations.[23] He has also declared his intention to pursue an "independent foreign policy",[24] and sought to distance the Philippines from the United States and European nations and pursue closer ties with China and Russia. Human rights activists and organizations have labeled him as a dictator or strongman for his violent crackdowns on drug users; he responded by publicly mocking and insulting his critics and encouraged police brutality and murder against anti-government protestors "for obstructing justice."[25]

Early life

Duterte was born on March 28, 1945, in Maasin.[26] His maternal grandfather was a Chinese immigrant from Xiamen, Fujian.[27] His father was Vicente G. Duterte (1911–1968), a Cebuano lawyer, and his mother, Soledad Duterte (née Roa; 1916–2012), was a school teacher from Cabadbaran, Agusan and a civic leader of Maranao descent. Duterte's father was mayor of Danao, Cebu, and subsequently the provincial governor of (the then-undivided) Davao province. Rodrigo's cousin Ronald was mayor of Cebu City from 1983 to 1986. Ronald's father, Ramon Duterte, also held the position from 1957 to 1959. The Dutertes consider the Cebu-based political families of the Durano and the Almendras clan as relatives.[28] Duterte also has relatives from the Roa clan in Leyte through his mother's side.[29] Duterte's family lived in Maasin, and in his father's hometown in Danao, until he was four years old.[30] The Dutertes initially moved to Mindanao in 1948 but still went back and forth to the Visayas until 1949.[31] They finally settled in the Davao Region in 1950. Vicente worked as a lawyer engaged in private practice. Soledad worked as a teacher until 1952 when Vicente entered politics.

Education

Duterte went to Laboon Elementary School in Maasin, for a year.[29] He spent his remaining elementary days at the Santa Ana Elementary School in Davao City, where he graduated in 1956. He finished his secondary education in the High School Department of the then Holy Cross College of Digos (now Cor Jesu College) in today's city of Digos in the now defunct Davao province, after being expelled twice from previous schools, including one in Ateneo de Davao University (AdDU) High School due to misconduct.[28] He graduated in 1968 with a Bachelor of Arts degree in political science at the Lyceum of the Philippines in Manila. He obtained a law degree from San Beda College of Law in 1972. In the same year, he passed the bar exam. Duterte eventually became Special Counsel at the City Prosecution Office in Davao City from 1977–79, Fourth Assistant City Prosecutor from 1979–81, Third Assistant City Prosecutor from 1981–83, and Second Assistant City Prosecutor from 1983–86.

Abuse

Duterte has said that he was sexually abused by a priest when he was a minor.[32] After he was challenged by the Catholic Bishops' Conference of the Philippines (CBCP) and AdDU officials to name the priest and file a case against him, Duterte then revealed the priest's name as Fr. Mark Falvey, SJ (d. 1975).[32] The Jesuits of the Society of Jesus in the Philippines confirmed that according to press reports in the United States, in May 2007, the Society of Jesus agreed to a tentative payout of USD16 million to settle claims that Falvey sexually abused at least nine children in Los Angeles from 1959 to 1975. Accusations against Falvey began in 2002, and he was never charged with a crime. Additionally in May 2008, the Diocese of Sacramento paid $100,000 settlement to a person allegedly raped and molested by Mark's brother, Fr. Arthur Falvey. However, it was not clearly indicated in the report if Mark Falvey was assigned at the Jesuit-run Ateneo de Davao.[33] When asked why he did not complain when the abuse supposedly happened, Duterte claimed that he was too young to complain about the priest's abuse and was intimidated by authorities at that time. He also stated that he never disclosed that information after he was expelled and moved to a different high school and especially not to his family.[34]

Shooting of student at law school

Duterte stated at a rally in April 2016 that he shot a fellow student who had bullied him about his Visayan origin as well as other students of the same ethnicity, while at San Beda law college. He said "But the truth is, I'm used to shooting people. When we were about to graduate from San Beda, I shot a person." Duterte said that he shot the student in a corridor at the college when the said student called him names again. He later told a reporter that the student survived, but refused to answer any further questions about the incident.[35]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Rodrigo Duterte
Avañe'ẽ: Rodrigo Duterte
azərbaycanca: Rodriqo Duterte
Bân-lâm-gú: Rodrigo Duterte
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Радрыга Дутэртэ
Bikol Central: Rodrigo Duterte
čeština: Rodrigo Duterte
Chi-Chewa: Rodrigo Duterte
español: Rodrigo Duterte
Esperanto: Rodrigo Duterte
français: Rodrigo Duterte
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐌳𐍅𐍄𐌰𐌹𐍂𐍄𐌰𐌹
hrvatski: Rodrigo Duterte
Bahasa Indonesia: Rodrigo Duterte
íslenska: Rodrigo Duterte
italiano: Rodrigo Duterte
Kapampangan: Rodrigo Duterte
latviešu: Rodrigo Duterte
Bahasa Melayu: Rodrigo Duterte
Nederlands: Rodrigo Duterte
português: Rodrigo Duterte
română: Rodrigo Duterte
Simple English: Rodrigo Duterte
Soomaaliga: Rodrigo Duterte
српски / srpski: Родриго Дутерте
Taqbaylit: Rodrigo Duterte
Türkçe: Rodrigo Duterte
українська: Родріго Дутерте
Tiếng Việt: Rodrigo Duterte
Yorùbá: Rodrigo Duterte
粵語: 杜特地