Rock music

  • rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the united states in the early 1950s, and developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and later, particularly in the united states and the united kingdom.[1][2] it has its roots in 1940s and 1950s rock and roll, a style which drew heavily from the genres of blues, rhythm and blues, and from country music. rock music also drew strongly from a number of other genres such as electric blues and folk, and incorporated influences from jazz, classical and other musical styles. musically, rock has centered on the electric guitar, usually as part of a rock group with electric bass, drums, and one or more singers. usually, rock is song-based music with a 4/4 time signature using a verse–chorus form, but the genre has become extremely diverse. like pop music, lyrics often stress romantic love but also address a wide variety of other themes that are frequently social or political.

    by the late 1960s "classic rock"[1] period, a number of distinct rock music subgenres had emerged, including hybrids like blues rock, folk rock, country rock, southern rock, raga rock, and jazz-rock, many of which contributed to the development of psychedelic rock, which was influenced by the countercultural psychedelic and hippie scene. new genres that emerged included progressive rock, which extended the artistic elements, glam rock, which highlighted showmanship and visual style, and the diverse and enduring subgenre of heavy metal, which emphasized volume, power, and speed. in the second half of the 1970s, punk rock reacted by producing stripped-down, energetic social and political critiques. punk was an influence in the 1980s on new wave, post-punk and eventually alternative rock. from the 1990s alternative rock began to dominate rock music and break into the mainstream in the form of grunge, britpop, and indie rock. further fusion subgenres have since emerged, including pop punk, electronic rock, rap rock, and rap metal, as well as conscious attempts to revisit rock's history, including the garage rock/post-punk and techno-pop revivals at the beginning of the 2000s. the 2010s saw a slow decline in the cultural relevancy of the genre, being usurped by hip-hop as the most popular genre in the united states in 2017.

    rock music has also embodied and served as the vehicle for cultural and social movements, leading to major subcultures including mods and rockers in the uk and the hippie counterculture that spread out from san francisco in the us in the 1960s. similarly, 1970s punk culture spawned the goth, punk, and emo subcultures. inheriting the folk tradition of the protest song, rock music has been associated with political activism as well as changes in social attitudes to race, sex and drug use, and is often seen as an expression of youth revolt against adult consumerism and conformity.

  • characteristics
  • 1950s: rock and roll
  • early 1960s
  • psychedelia and progressivism
  • early 1970s
  • punk era
  • alternative
  • 2000s–present
  • social impact
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • further reading and listening
  • external links

Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, and developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and later, particularly in the United States and the United Kingdom.[1][2] It has its roots in 1940s and 1950s rock and roll, a style which drew heavily from the genres of blues, rhythm and blues, and from country music. Rock music also drew strongly from a number of other genres such as electric blues and folk, and incorporated influences from jazz, classical and other musical styles. Musically, rock has centered on the electric guitar, usually as part of a rock group with electric bass, drums, and one or more singers. Usually, rock is song-based music with a 4/4 time signature using a verse–chorus form, but the genre has become extremely diverse. Like pop music, lyrics often stress romantic love but also address a wide variety of other themes that are frequently social or political.

By the late 1960s "classic rock"[1] period, a number of distinct rock music subgenres had emerged, including hybrids like blues rock, folk rock, country rock, southern rock, raga rock, and jazz-rock, many of which contributed to the development of psychedelic rock, which was influenced by the countercultural psychedelic and hippie scene. New genres that emerged included progressive rock, which extended the artistic elements, glam rock, which highlighted showmanship and visual style, and the diverse and enduring subgenre of heavy metal, which emphasized volume, power, and speed. In the second half of the 1970s, punk rock reacted by producing stripped-down, energetic social and political critiques. Punk was an influence in the 1980s on new wave, post-punk and eventually alternative rock. From the 1990s alternative rock began to dominate rock music and break into the mainstream in the form of grunge, Britpop, and indie rock. Further fusion subgenres have since emerged, including pop punk, electronic rock, rap rock, and rap metal, as well as conscious attempts to revisit rock's history, including the garage rock/post-punk and techno-pop revivals at the beginning of the 2000s. The 2010s saw a slow decline in the cultural relevancy of the genre, being usurped by hip-hop as the most popular genre in the United States in 2017.

Rock music has also embodied and served as the vehicle for cultural and social movements, leading to major subcultures including mods and rockers in the UK and the hippie counterculture that spread out from San Francisco in the US in the 1960s. Similarly, 1970s punk culture spawned the goth, punk, and emo subcultures. Inheriting the folk tradition of the protest song, rock music has been associated with political activism as well as changes in social attitudes to race, sex and drug use, and is often seen as an expression of youth revolt against adult consumerism and conformity.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Rockmusiek
Alemannisch: Rockmusik
العربية: موسيقى الروك
aragonés: Musica rock
asturianu: Rock
azərbaycanca: Rok
বাংলা: রক সঙ্গীত
башҡортса: Рок
беларуская: Рок-музыка
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Рок-музыка
български: Рок музика
Boarisch: Rockmusi
bosanski: Rock muzika
brezhoneg: Sonerezh rock
català: Música rock
Чӑвашла: Рок-мусăк
čeština: Rock
dansk: Rock
Deutsch: Rockmusik
Ελληνικά: Ροκ μουσική
español: Rock
Esperanto: Rok-muziko
estremeñu: Rock
euskara: Rock
français: Rock
Frysk: Rockmuzyk
Gaeilge: Rac-cheol
Gàidhlig: Roc
galego: Música rock
贛語: 搖滾樂
한국어: 록 음악
հայերեն: Ռոք
hrvatski: Rock
Ido: Rock
Bahasa Indonesia: Musik rok
íslenska: Rokk
italiano: Rock
Kabɩyɛ: Rɔkɩ
ქართული: როკ-მუსიკა
қазақша: Рок-музыка
Kiswahili: Muziki wa rock
kriyòl gwiyannen: Rock
kurdî: Muzîka rock
Кыргызча: Рок-музыка
Latina: Musica rock
latviešu: Rokmūzika
Lëtzebuergesch: Rockmusek
lietuvių: Rokas
Lingua Franca Nova: Roc
lumbaart: Rock
magyar: Rock
македонски: Рок-музика
മലയാളം: റോക്ക്
मराठी: रॉक संगीत
მარგალური: როკ-მუსიკა
Bahasa Melayu: Muzik rock
Mirandés: Rock
монгол: Рок хөгжим
Nāhuatl: Rock
Nederlands: Rock
नेपाली: रक सङ्गीत
नेपाल भाषा: रक संगीत
norsk: Rock
norsk nynorsk: Rock
Nouormand: Rock
occitan: Musica Rock
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Rok
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਰੌਕ ਸੰਗੀਤ
پنجابی: روک موسیقی
Patois: Rak myuuzik
Picard: Rock
Plattdüütsch: Rock (Musik)
polski: Rock
português: Rock
qırımtatarca: Rok
română: Muzică rock
Runa Simi: Rock
русиньскый: Рок-музика
русский: Рок-музыка
саха тыла: Рок музыка
Seeltersk: Rockmusik
shqip: Rock
sicilianu: Mùsica rock
Simple English: Rock music
slovenčina: Rock
slovenščina: Rock
ślůnski: Rok (muzyka)
српски / srpski: Рок музика
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Rock muzika
suomi: Rock
svenska: Rockmusik
Tagalog: Musikang rock
தமிழ்: ராக் இசை
татарча/tatarça: Рок-музыка
ไทย: ร็อก
Türkçe: Rock müzik
українська: Рок-музика
vèneto: Rock
Tiếng Việt: Rock
walon: Rock
Winaray: Rock
吴语: 摇滚乐
ייִדיש: ראק מוזיק
粵語: 搖滾樂
žemaitėška: Ruoks
中文: 摇滚乐