Revolutions per minute

Revolutions per minute (abbreviated rpm, RPM, rev/min, r/min) is a measure of the frequency of rotation, specifically the number of rotations around a fixed axis in one minute. It is used as a measure of rotational speed of a mechanical component. In the French language, tr/min (tours par minute) is the common abbreviation. The German language uses the abbreviation U/min or u/min (Umdrehungen pro Minute).

International System of Units

According to the International System of Units (SI), rpm is not a unit. This is because the word revolution is a semantic annotation rather than a unit. The annotation is instead done as a subscript of the formula sign if needed. Because of the measured physical quantity, the formula sign has to be f for (rotational) frequency and ω or Ω for angular velocity. The corresponding basic SI derived unit is s−1 or Hz. When measuring angular speed, the unit radians per second is used.

Here the sign ↔ (correspondent) is used instead of = (equal). Formally, hertz (Hz) and radian per second (rad/s) are two different names for the same SI unit, s−1. However, they are used for two different but proportional ISQ quantities: frequency and angular frequency (angular speed, magnitude of angular velocity). The conversion between a frequency f (measured in hertz) and an angular velocity ω (measured in radians per second) are:

Thus a disc rotating at 60 rpm is said to be rotating at either 2π rad/s or 1 Hz, where the former measures the angular velocity and the latter reflects the number of revolutions per second.

If the non-SI unit rpm is considered a unit of frequency, then 1 rpm = 1/60 Hz. If it instead is considered a unit of angular velocity and the word "revolution" is considered to mean π radians, then 1 rpm = 2π/60 rad/s.

Other Languages
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: АНХ
български: Оборот в минута
Deutsch: Rpm (Einheit)
Esperanto: Rivolua nombro
français: Tour par minute
한국어: 분당 회전수
hrvatski: Broj okretaja
Bahasa Indonesia: Rotasi per menit
italiano: Giri al minuto
македонски: Вртеж во минута
日本語: Rpm (単位)
Nordfriisk: Rpm
norsk nynorsk: Omdreiingar per minutt
Simple English: Revolutions per minute
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Broj okretaja
українська: Оберт за хвилину
Tiếng Việt: Số vòng quay