A research university is a
university that expects all its
tenured and tenure-track
faculty to continuously engage in
research, as opposed to merely requiring it as a condition of an initial appointment or tenure.
 Such universities can be recognized by their high level of research, massive publication output, and sheer volume of high-profile inventions, discoveries, and/or creations. Higher education institutions which are not research universities (or do not aspire to that designation) instead place more emphasis on teaching or other aspects of
tertiary education, and their faculties are under less pressure to
publish or perish. The concept of the modern research university first arose in
Germany, and to date has developed to its most advanced extent in the
United States, whose large research universities are dominant in most international
college and university rankings.