Renault Twizy

Renault Twizy
Eng Renault Twizy ZE.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Renault
Also called Nissan New Mobility Concept
Renault Samsung Twizy
Production 2012–present
Assembly Valladolid, Spain ( Renault Spain)
Body and chassis
Class Electric city car ( A)
Body style 3-door hatchback
Layout Rear-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Transmission Single gear
Battery 6.1 kWh lithium-ion battery
Electric range 100 km (62 mi)
Dimensions
Length 2.32 m (91 in)
Width 1.19 m (47 in)
Height 1.46 m (57 in)
Curb weight 450 kg (992 lb)

The Renault Twizy is a battery-powered 2 seat electric city car designed and marketed by Renault and manufactured in Valladolid, Spain. [1] [2] Legally classified in Europe as a heavy quadricycle ( light quadricycle for the lower-powered Urban 45 model), the Twizy has a maximum range of 100 km (62 mi).

The 2009 concept

The Twizy debuted as a concept car at the 2009 Frankfurt Motor Show [3] and was designed by Françoise Leboinne and Luciano Bove. In November 2010, Nissan announced a rebadged variant to the Twizy, called the New Mobility Concept, or NMC. In May 2011, Renault announced they would produce the Twizy and began taking reservations.

In March 2012, the Twizy was released to the France market, followed a month later in the UK and several other European countries. [4] Available in three models, starting at €6,990 up to €8,490 (in the UK: GB£6,990 to GB£7,400), the Twizy sales price does not include the battery pack, which is leased for a monthly fee that includes roadside assistance and a battery replacement guarantee. [5] [6]

The Twizy was the top-selling plug-in electric vehicle in Europe during 2012. [7] The milestone of 15,000 Twizys sold worldwide was achieved in April 2015. [8] As of May 2016, the European region is the top selling market with over 17,000 units sold, led by Germany (4,404), France (4,048) and Italy (2,696). [9] Global cumulative sales totaled 19,342 units up until December 2016. [10]

Specifications

Construction and safety

The Twizy is an ultra-compact vehicle, with a length of 2.32 metres (7 ft 7 in), a width of 1.19 metres (3 ft 11 in) and a height of 1.46 metres (4 ft 9 in).

The vehicle's frame and body offer occupants extra protection with its deformable structure, while the outboard position of the four wheels and the lateral beams located either side of the chassis provide protection in case of a side impact. The safety retention systems include a driver's airbag, a four-point safety belt at the front and a three-point one at the rear.

The Twizy may be winterized with winter tires and adding flexi side windows to enclose the cabin. Heating would be provided by plugging in electric blankets to keep the driver warm. [11]

Models

The Twizy model is electric, and it therefore is part of Renault's Zero Emissions program.

Twizy Technic – doors are optional

Twizy Urban

Twizy Urban 45

The Twizy range starts with the light quadricycle-classed Urban 45 that is priced at €6,990 in Europe with a monthly battery lease charge of €50. [12] It has a motor power of 4 kW (5 hp), a maximum speed of 45 km/h (28 mph) and can thus be driven in most European countries by drivers from 14 years old with a special driving licence (France, Italy, Spain) or with a moped licence (Belgium, Germany, Netherlands, Austria, Finland). [13]

Twizy Urban 80

The heavy quadricycle-classed Urban 80 model features a 13 kW (17 hp) electric motor and can drive up to 80 km/h (50 mph). It is priced at €7,690.

Twizy Colour and Technic

The Colour model is a colourful and 'fun' Twizy available for both the 45 and 80 trims.[ citation needed]

The Technic model brings additional design elements while sharing the technical features with the Urban. It is priced at €8,490, and it is available for both the 45 and 80 trims.[ citation needed]

Twizy Cargo

In June 2013 Renault announced the introduction of the Twizy Cargo, a model designed for hauling goods. The space destined for the seat of the second passenger was replaced with a cargo box with a volume of 180 L (6.4 cu ft) and maximum weight capacity of 75 kg (165 lb). [14] [15]

Twizy Cargo 45

The Cargo 45 has 4 kW of power and top speed is limited to 45 km/h (28 mph). Pricing starts at €6,750 (US$8,839) plus VAT and the monthly battery lease fee that starts at €50 (US$65.50). [14]

The Nissan New Mobility Concept, a rebadged version of the Twizy, was deployed for the "Choimobi Yokohama" carsharing program in Japan in 2013.
Twizy Cargo 80

The Cargo 80 delivers a top speed of 80 km/h (50 mph). Pricing starts at €7,350(US$9,625) plus VAT and the monthly battery lease fee that starts at €50 (US$65.50). [14]

Nissan NMC

A rebadged version of the Twizy was launched in Japan as the Nissan New Mobility Concept (NMC). The electric vehicle was deployed in Yokohama on 11 October 2013 for service on a one-way carsharing program called "Choimobi Yokohama" (Choimobi means "easy mobility" in Japanese). During its first month on the market, over 2700 customers signed up for the service. [16] [17] A total of 45 units were registered through the end of October 2013. [18]

Battery

Twizy with charging wire out

The 6.1 kWh (22 MJ) lithium-ion battery is located underneath the front seat. Both motor variants carry the same weight of 474 kg (1,045 lb), [19] including batteries of 100 kg (220 lb). The range is homologated at 100 km (62 mi). In real conditions, Renault announces around 80 km (50 mi). In worst conditions (high speed, no eco-driving), Twizy can reach 50 km (31 mi).

The battery can be charged with an extendable spiral cable stored beneath a flap at the front of the vehicle. The integrated charger is compatible with roadside battery charging facilities as well as the standard 220 V 10 A household electrical supply. Charging an empty battery takes around three-and-a-half hours.

A planned Renault battery plant near Paris was delayed due to technical constraints. Construction will start in the second quarter of 2012[ needs update] and production of batteries is expected to begin in 2014 or 2015[ needs update]. In the meantime Renault intends to buy batteries for its EV range from a joint venture between Nissan Motor and NEC as well as LG Chem of South Korea. [20]

Twizy is only supplied with LG Chem modules. Batteries are assembled in Renault Valladolid plant.

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