Related rights

In copyright law, related rights (or neighbouring rights) are the rights of a creative work not connected with the work's actual author. It is used in opposition to the term "authors' rights". Neighbouring rights is a more literal translation of the original [1] Both authors' rights and related rights are copyrights in the sense of English or U.S. law.

Related rights vary much more widely in scope between different countries than authors' rights. The rights of performers, phonogram producers and broadcasting organisations are certainly covered, and are internationally protected by the [2] signed in 1961.

Within the European Union, the rights of film producers (as opposed to directors) and database creators are also protected by related rights, and the term is sometimes extended to include the sui generis rights in semiconductor topologies and other industrial design rights. A practical definition is that related rights are copyright-type rights that are not covered by the [3]

International protection of related rights

Apart from the Rome convention, a number of other treaties address the protection of related rights:

  • Convention for the Protection of Producers of Phonograms Against Unauthorized Duplication of Their Phonograms[4] (Geneva Phonograms Convention, 1971)
  • Convention Relating to the Distribution of Programme–Carrying Signals Transmitted by Satellite[5] (Brussels Convention, 1974)
  • [6] (IPIC Treaty, 1989)
  • [7] (TRIPS, 1994)
  • [8] (WPPT, 1996)

Apart from the TRIPS Agreement, these treaties cannot truly be described as global: the [9]

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