Raymond L. S. Patriarca

Raymond L. S. Patriarca
Patriaraca1.jpg
Born Raymond Loreda Salvatore Patriarca
March 17, 1908
Worcester, Massachusetts, U.S.
Died July 11, 1984 (aged 76)
North Providence, Rhode Island, U.S.
Resting place Gate of Heaven Cemetery, East Providence, Rhode Island
Occupation Bootlegger, Crime boss, Mobster, Racketeer
Known for Boss of the Patriarca crime family

Raymond Loreda Salvatore Patriarca, Sr. (March 18, 1908 – July 11, 1984) was an Italian-American mobster from Providence, Rhode Island who became the longtime boss of the Patriarca crime family, whose control extended throughout New England for over three decades. He was one of the most powerful crime bosses in the United States, and often mediated disputes between Cosa Nostra families outside the region. He was the father of Raymond Patriarca, Jr.

Early life

Patriarca was born to an Italian immigrant father in Worcester, Massachusetts; his mother was born in Massachusetts, according to the 1930 census. He was charged during his teenage years for hijacking, armed robbery, assault, safecracking, and auto theft. He was indicted as being an accessory to murder before Prohibition's end in 1933.

Raymond Patriarca's Providence Police photo

During the 1930s, the Providence Board of Public Safety named Patriarca as " Public enemy No. 1". He was sentenced to five years in prison for robbery, but he was paroled in 1938 after serving just a few months in prison. An inquiry revealed that Executive Councilor Daniel H. Coakley, a close associate of Governor Charles F. Hurley, had drawn up a parole petition based on the appeals of a "Father Fagin", whom Coakley had fabricated. Coakley was impeached and dismissed from the Governor's office. This scandal enhanced Patriarca's reputation in the underworld, as it demonstrated the power of his political connections.