Quraysh

Quraysh
قريش
Qedarite, Adnanite
NisbaQurashī
LocationMecca
Descended fromFihr ibn Malik
Parent tribeKinana
ReligionIslam (after 630)
Polytheism (before 630)
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The Quraysh (Arabic: قريش‎) were a mercantile Arab tribe that historically inhabited and controlled Mecca and its Ka'aba. The Islamic prophet Muhammad was born into the Banu Hashim clan of the Quraysh tribe. The Quraysh staunchly opposed Muhammad until converting to Islam en masse in 630 AD. Afterward, leadership of the Muslim community traditionally passed to a member of the Quraysh as was the case with the Rashidun, Umayyad, and Abbasid caliphs.

Name

Sources differ as to the etymology of Quraysh, with one theory holding that it was the diminutive form of qirsh (shark).[1] The 9th-century genealogist Hisham ibn al-Kalbi asserted that there was no eponymous founder of Quraysh;[2] rather, the name stemmed from taqarrush, an Arabic word meaning "a coming together" or "association".[1] The nisba or surname of the Quraysh is Qurashī, though in the early centuries of Islam, most Qurayshi tribesmen were denoted by their specific clan instead of the tribe.[3] Later, particularly after the 13th century, claimants of Qurayshi descent used the Qurashī surname.[3]

Other Languages
العربية: قريش
অসমীয়া: কুৰাইশ্ব
azərbaycanca: Qureyş
تۆرکجه: قریش
башҡортса: Ҡорайыштар
български: Курейши
bosanski: Kurejš
català: Quraix
čeština: Kurajšovci
dansk: Quraysh
Deutsch: Quraisch
Ελληνικά: Κουραϊσίτες
español: Coraichitas
Esperanto: Kurajŝoj
euskara: Quraix
فارسی: قریش
français: Quraych
한국어: 쿠라이시족
hrvatski: Kurejš
Bahasa Indonesia: Suku Quraisy
italiano: Quraysh
Basa Jawa: Wong Kurès
ქართული: კურაიშები
മലയാളം: ഖുറൈഷ്
Bahasa Melayu: Quraisy
Nederlands: Qoeraisj
нохчийн: Къурайш
norsk: Quraisj
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Quraysh
پنجابی: قریش
polski: Kurajszyci
português: Coraixitas
русский: Курайшиты
shqip: Kurejsh
Simple English: Quraysh
سنڌي: قريش
slovenčina: Kurajšovci
Soomaaliga: Quraysh
کوردی: قوڕەیش
српски / srpski: Курејш
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kurejš
suomi: Quraiš
svenska: Qureish
Taqbaylit: Qurayc
ไทย: กุเรช
Türkçe: Kureyş
українська: Курайшити
اردو: قریش
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: قۇرەيىش
Tiếng Việt: Quraysh
中文: 古莱什