Provinces of South Korea

Province
도(道)
Provinces of South Korea.svg
CategoryUnitary State
LocationRepublic of Korea (ROK)
Number22 (15 controlled by ROK, 5 controlled by DPRK & 2 jointly controlled by ROK and DPRK)
Populations39,243 (Gyeryong) – 9,904,312 (Seoul)
Areas4,790 km2 (1,849 sq mi) (Jeju) – 53,270 km2 (20,569 sq mi) (Gangwon)
GovernmentSelf-governing
Province
Hangul
Hanja
Revised Romanizationdo
McCune–Reischauerto
Special self-governing province
Hangul특별자치도
Hanja特別自治道
Revised Romanizationteukbyeol-jachido
McCune–Reischauerteukbyeol-chach’ido

Provinces are one of the first-level divisions within South Korea. There are 9 provinces in South Korea: North Chungcheong, South Chungcheong, Gangwon, Gyeonggi, North Gyeongsang, South Gyeongsang, North Jeolla, South Jeolla, and Jeju Special Self-Governing Province.

History

Although the details of local administration have changed dramatically over time, the basic outline of the current three-tiered system was implemented under the reign of Gojong in 1895. A similar system also remains in use in North Korea.