Provinces of China

Province-level administrative divisions
China administrative alt.svg
CategoryCommunist one-party socialist republic
Unitary state
LocationChina China
Number33 (not including Taiwan Province)
Populations552,300 (Macau) – 104,303,132 (Guangdong)
Areas30.4 km2 (11.7 sq mi) (Macau)[1] – 1,664,897 km2 (642,820 sq mi) (Xinjiang)[2]
GovernmentSingle-Party Government
SARs: 1 country, 2 systems
Provincial government
SubdivisionsSub-provincial city, Prefecture
province-level administrative divisions
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese省级行政区
Traditional Chinese省級行政區
province
Chinese
Tibetan name
Tibetan ཞིང་ཆེན།
Zhuang name
ZhuangSwngj
Mongolian name
Mongolian script ᠮᠤᠵᠢ
Uyghur name
Uyghur
ئۆلكە
Manchu name
Manchu script ᡤᠣᠯᠣ
Romanizationgolo

Provincial-level administrative divisions (Chinese: 省级行政区; pinyin: shěng-jí xíngzhèngqū) or first-level administrative divisions (一级行政区; yī-jí xíngzhèngqū), are the highest-level Chinese administrative divisions. There are 33 such divisions, classified as 22 provinces (Chinese: ; pinyin: shěng), four municipalities, five autonomous regions, and two Special Administrative Regions. This does not include Taiwan Province, which has been administered by the Republic of China since 1945.

Note that every province (except Hong Kong and Macau, the two special administrative regions) has a Communist Party of China provincial committee (Chinese: 省委; pinyin: shěngwěi), headed by a secretary (Chinese: 书记; pinyin: shūjì). The committee secretary is effectively in charge of the province, rather than the nominal governor of the provincial government.[3]

Types of provincial-level divisions

Province

The government of each standard province (Chinese: ; pinyin: shěng) is nominally led by a provincial committee, headed by a secretary. The committee secretary is first-in-charge of the province; second-in-command is the governor of the provincial government.

China claims the island of Taiwan and its surrounding islets, including Penghu, as "Taiwan Province", though Taiwan has not been under control of a government that ruled from mainland China since 1949, when the Republic of China lost the mainland to the PRC. (Kinmen and the Matsu Islands are claimed by the PRC as part of its Fujian Province. Pratas and Itu Aba are claimed by the PRC as part of Guangdong and Hainan provinces respectively.) The territory is controlled by the Republic of China (ROC, commonly called "Taiwan").

Municipality

A municipality (simplified Chinese: 直辖市; traditional Chinese: 直轄市; pinyin: zhíxiáshì; literally: "direct-administrated city") or municipality directly under the administration of the central government is a higher level of city which is directly under the Chinese government, with status equal to that of the provinces. In practice, their political status is higher than that of common provinces.

Autonomous region

An autonomous region (simplified Chinese: 自治区; traditional Chinese: 自治區; pinyin: zìzhìqū) is a minority subject which has a higher population of a particular minority ethnic group along with its own local government, but an autonomous region theoretically has more legislative rights than in actual practice. The governor of each autonomous region is usually appointed from the respective minority ethnic group.

Special administrative region (SAR)

A special administrative region (SAR) (simplified Chinese: 特别行政区; traditional Chinese: 特別行政區; pinyin: tèbié xíngzhèngqū) is a highly autonomous and self-governing sub national subject of the People's Republic of China that is directly under the Central People's Government. Each SAR has a chief executive as head of the region and head of government. The region's government is not fully independent, as foreign policy and military defence are the responsibility of the central government, according to the basic laws.

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Çin əyalətləri
български: Провинции в КНР
Bahasa Indonesia: Daftar provinsi di Tiongkok
íslenska: Héruð Kína
Kiswahili: Majimbo ya China
македонски: Покраини во Кина
Bahasa Melayu: Wilayah di China
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਚੀਨ ਦੇ ਸੂਬੇ
српски / srpski: Покрајине Кине
українська: Провінції КНР
Tiếng Việt: Tỉnh (Trung Quốc)
粵語: 省 (中國)