Province of Pennsylvania

Province of Pennsylvania
Colony of England (1681–1707)
Colony of Great Britain (1707–76)
1681–1783
A map of the Province of Pennsylvania.
Capital Philadelphia
Languages English, Pennsylvania German,

Welsh, Unami, Susquehannock, Munsee

Government Proprietary colony, Semi-autonomous Constitutional monarchy
Monarch
 •  1681–1685 Charles II
 •  1685–1688 James II
 •  1689–1702 (Mary died 1694) William III & Mary II
 •  1702–1714 Anne
 •  1714–1727 George I
 •  1727–1760 George II
 •  1760–1776 George III
Royal Governor
 •  1681–1783 List of colonial governors of Pennsylvania
Legislature Pennsylvania Provincial Assembly
History
 •  Land grant to William Penn March 4, 1681
 •  Treaty of Paris (1783) September 3, 1783
Currency Pound sterling, Spanish dollar
Succeeded by
Pennsylvania
Today part of   United States

The Province of Pennsylvania,[ citation needed] also known as the Pennsylvania Colony, was founded in English North America by William Penn on March 4, 1681 as dictated in a royal charter granted by King Charles II. The name Pennsylvania, which translates roughly as "Penn's Woods", [1] was created by combining the Penn surname (in honor of William's father, Admiral Sir William Penn) with the Latin word sylvania, meaning "forest land." The Province of Pennsylvania was one of the two major Restoration colonies, the other being the Province of Carolina. The proprietary colony's charter remained in the hands of the Penn family until the American Revolution, when the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania was created and became one of the original thirteen states.

Government

The colonial government, established in 1682 by Penn's Frame of Government, consisted of an appointed Governor, the proprietor (William Penn), a 72-member Provincial Council, and a larger General Assembly. The General Assembly, also known as the Pennsylvania Provincial Assembly, was the largest and most representative branch of government, but had little power.

Succeeding Frames of Government, also known as the Charter of Privileges, were produced in 1683, 1696 and 1701. The fourth Frame (Charter of Privileges) remained in effect until the American Revolution. At that time, the Provincial Assembly was deemed too moderate by the revolutionaries, who ignored the Assembly and held a convention which produced the Constitution of 1776 for the newly established Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, creating a new General Assembly in the process.

William Penn (14 October 1644 – 30 July 1718) was an English real estate entrepreneur, philosopher, early Quaker and founder of the Province of Pennsylvania, the English North American colony and the future Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. He was an early advocate of democracy and religious freedom, notable for his good relations and successful treaties with the Lenape Indians. Under his direction, the city of Philadelphia was planned and developed.