Private (rank)

NaviesArmiesAir forces
Commissioned officers
Admiral of
the fleet
Field marshal or
General of the Army
Marshal of
the air force
AdmiralGeneralAir chief marshal
Vice admiralLieutenant generalAir marshal
Rear admiralMajor generalAir vice-marshal
CommodoreBrigadier or
brigadier general
Air commodore
CaptainColonelGroup captain
CommanderLieutenant colonelWing commander
Major or
Squadron leader
LieutenantCaptainFlight lieutenant
junior grade
Lieutenant or
first lieutenant
Flying officer
Ensign or
Second lieutenantPilot officer
Officer cadetOfficer cadetFlight cadet
Enlisted grades
Warrant officer or
chief petty officer
Warrant officer or
sergeant major
Warrant officer
Petty officerSergeantSergeant
Leading seamanCorporal or
SeamanPrivate or
gunner or
Aircraftman or

A private is a soldier of the lowest military rank (equivalent to NATO Rank Grades OR-1 to OR-3 depending on the force served in).

In modern military writing, "private" is shortened to "Pte" in the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth of Nations countries and to "Pvt." in the United States.


The term derives from the medieval term "private soldiers" (a term still used in the British Army), denoting individuals who were either hired, conscripted, or mustered into service by a feudal nobleman commanding a battle group of an army.[citation needed] The usage of "private" dates from the 18th century.

Other Languages
asturianu: Soldáu rasu
azərbaycanca: Əsgər (rütbə)
башҡортса: Рядовой
беларуская: Радавы
български: Редник
čeština: Vojín
dansk: Menig
eesti: Reamees
Ελληνικά: Στρατιώτης
español: Soldado raso
français: Soldat (grade)
galego: Soldado raso
한국어: 이등병
hrvatski: Pozornik
Bahasa Indonesia: Tamtama
lietuvių: Eilinis
Bahasa Melayu: Prebet
日本語: 二等兵
norsk: Menig
norsk nynorsk: Meinig
polski: Szeregowy
русский: Рядовой
Simple English: Private (rank)
slovenčina: Vojak 1. stupňa
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Redov
suomi: Sotamies
svenska: Menig
Türkçe: Er
українська: Рядовий
中文: 二等兵