Prime Minister of Ethiopia

Prime Minister of the
Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
የኢ.ፌ.ዴ.ሪ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር
Emblem of Ethiopia.svg
Emblem
Flag of Ethiopia.svg
Flag of Ethiopia
The state visit of Reuven Rivlin to Ethiopia, May 2018 (6810) (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Abiy Ahmed

since 2 April 2018
ResidenceMenelik Palace, Addis Ababa
AppointerPresident of Ethiopia
Term lengthNo term limit
Inaugural holderHabte Giyorgis Dinagde
(Chief Minister)
Makonnen Endelkachew
(Prime Minister)
Formation1909 (Chief Minister)
1943 (Prime Minister)
DeputyPrime Minister Office - Ethiopia
Emblem of Ethiopia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Ethiopia

The Prime Minister of Ethiopia is the head of the Ethiopian government and the most powerful figure in Ethiopian politics. Although the President of Ethiopia is the country's head of state, her powers are largely ceremonial; the Constitution explicitly vests executive power in the Council of Ministers, and names the Prime Minister as chief executive. The official residence of the prime minister, is Menelik Palace in Addis Ababa. The current Prime Minister is Abiy Ahmed of EPRDF, the 15th person to hold the position.

The Prime Minister is elected from the members of the House of Representatives.[1] The nominee then presents a government platform and must receive a vote of confidence in order to become prime minister. In practice, the Prime Minister is usually the leader of the largest party in the House of Peoples' Representatives.

Origins and history

The heads of government of Ethiopia have been Chief Ministers (1909–1943), and then Prime Ministers (1943–present). Since 1995 Ethiopia follows a Parliamentary system of government.

The Prime Minister's position is stronger on paper than his counterparts in other parliamentary systems fashioned after the Westminster system. In most other parliamentary systems, the head of state or the head of state's official representative (i.e., the monarch or president or governor-general) is nominal chief executive, but in practice is bound to act on the advice of the prime minister. Thus, the head of state de facto holds a purely ceremonial position, while the prime minister is the actual head of government and executive branch. In Ethiopia, however, the Prime Minister is both de jure and de facto chief executive.

The prime minister is expected to become a member of the House of Peoples' Representatives within six months of beginning their tenure, if he are not a member already. He is expected to work with other ministers to ensure the passage of bills through the legislature.