Prime Minister of Canada

Prime Minister of Canada
Prime Minister text and logo.png
Justin Trudeau June 13 2017.jpg
Incumbent
Justin Trudeau

since November 4, 2015
Executive Branch of the Government of Canada
Office of the Prime Minister
StyleThe Right Honourable (formal)
Prime Minister (informal)
AbbreviationPM
Member ofQueen's Privy Council
Cabinet
Parliament
Reports toMonarch
Governor General
Parliament
Residence24 Sussex Drive (under renovation)
Harrington Lake (seasonal)
Rideau Cottage (temporary)
Seat80 Wellington St,
Ottawa, ON K1P 5K9
AppointerGovernor General
Term lengthAt Her Majesty's pleasure
Constituting instrumentNone (constitutional convention)
Inaugural holderSir John A. Macdonald
FormationJuly 1, 1867
DeputyDeputy Prime Minister of Canada (vacant)
Salary$347,400 CAD (2018)[1]
Websitepm.gc.ca
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The Prime Minister of Canada (French: Premier ministre du Canada) is the primary minister of the Crown, chairman of the Cabinet, and Canada's head of government. The current, and 23rd, Prime Minister of Canada is the Liberal Party's Justin Trudeau, following the 2015 Canadian federal election. Canadian prime ministers are styled as The Right Honourable (French: Le Très Honorable), a privilege maintained for life.

The Prime Minister of Canada is in charge of the Prime Minister's Office. The Prime Minister also chooses the ministers that make up the Cabinet. The two groups, with the authority of the Parliament of Canada, manage the Government of Canada and the Canadian Armed Forces. The Cabinet and the Prime Minister also appoint members of the Senate of Canada, the judges of the Supreme Court of Canada and federal courts, and the leaders and boards, as required under law, of various Crown Corporations, and selects the Governor General of Canada. Under the Canadian constitution, all of the power to exercise these activities is actually vested in the Monarchy of Canada, but in practice the Canadian monarch (who is the head of state) or their representative, the Governor General of Canada approves them routinely, and their role is largely ceremonial, and their powers are only exercised under the advice of the Prime Minister.[2]

Not outlined in any constitutional document, the office exists only as per long-established convention (originating in Canada's former colonial power, the United Kingdom) that stipulates the monarch's representative, the governor general, must select as prime minister the person most likely to command the confidence of the elected House of Commons; this individual is typically the leader of the political party that holds the largest number of seats in that chamber.[n 1][3]

Origin of the office

The position of prime minister is not outlined in any Canadian constitutional document and is mentioned only in passing in the Constitution Act, 1982,[4][5] and the Letters Patent, 1947 issued by King George VI.[6] The office and its functions are instead governed by constitutional conventions and modelled on the same office in the United Kingdom.

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