Pride

Superbia: the Latin word for pride

Pride is an inwardly directed emotion that carries two antithetical meanings. With a negative connotation pride refers to a foolishly[1] and irrationally corrupt sense of one's personal value, status or accomplishments, used synonymously with hubris. With a positive connotation, pride refers to a humble and content sense of attachment toward one's own or another's choices and actions, or toward a whole group of people, and is a product of praise, independent self-reflection, and a fulfilled feeling of belonging.

In Judaism, pride is called the root of all evil.

Philosophers and social psychologists have noted that pride is a complex secondary emotion which requires the development of a sense of self and the mastery of relevant conceptual distinctions (e.g. that pride is distinct from happiness and joy) through language-based interaction with others.[2] Some social psychologists identify the nonverbal expression of pride as a means of sending a functional, automatically perceived signal of high social status.[3] In contrast, pride could also be defined as a lowly disagreement with the truth. One definition of pride in the former sense comes from St. Augustine: "the love of one's own excellence".[4] A similar definition comes from Meher Baba: "Pride is the specific feeling through which egoism manifests."[5]

Pride is sometimes viewed as corrupt or as a vice, sometimes as proper or as a virtue. While some philosophers such as Aristotle (and George Bernard Shaw) consider pride (but not hubris) a profound virtue, some world religions consider pride's fraudulent form a sin, such as is expressed in Proverbs 11:2 of the Hebrew Bible. When viewed as a virtue, pride in one's abilities is known as virtuous pride, greatness of soul or magnanimity, but when viewed as a vice it is often known to be self-idolatry, sadistic contempt, vanity or vainglory. Pride can also manifest itself as a high opinion of one's nation (national pride) and ethnicity (ethnic pride).

Etymology

Proud comes from late Old English prut, probably from Old French prud "brave, valiant" (11th century) (which became preux in French), from Late Latin term prodis "useful", which is compared with the Latin prodesse "be of use".[6] The sense of "having a high opinion of oneself", not in French, may reflect the Anglo-Saxons' opinion of the Norman knights who called themselves "proud".[7]

Other Languages
العربية: فخر
asturianu: Soberbia
Avañe'ẽ: Momba'eguasu
беларуская: Гонар
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Гонар
български: Гордост
brezhoneg: Ourgouilh
català: Orgull
čeština: Pýcha
dansk: Hovmod
Deutsch: Stolz
eesti: Uhkus
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Supèrbia
español: Soberbia
Esperanto: Fiero
euskara: Hantuste
فارسی: غرور
français: Orgueil
galego: Soberbia
한국어: 교만
hrvatski: Ponos
Bahasa Indonesia: Kesombongan
italiano: Orgoglio
עברית: גאווה
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಅಭಿಮಾನ
қазақша: Тұрақты үйір
Kiswahili: Kiburi
Kreyòl ayisyen: Fyè
Latina: Superbia
lietuvių: Puikybė
magyar: Büszkeség
македонски: Гордост
Nederlands: Trots
नेपाल भाषा: अहङ्कार
日本語: 傲慢
norsk: Hovmod
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਹੰਕਾਰ
português: Orgulho
română: Mândrie
русский: Гордость
Scots: Pride
Simple English: Pride
سنڌي: غرور
slovenčina: Márnomyseľnosť
српски / srpski: Понос
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Ponos
suomi: Ylpeys
svenska: Högmod
Tagalog: Kapalaluan
தமிழ்: பெருமை
తెలుగు: అహంకారము
Türkçe: Gurur
українська: Гордість
Tiếng Việt: Tự hào
žemaitėška: Mondroms
中文: 骄傲