The President of Iran (رئیس جمهوری اسلامی ایران Ra'isjomhur-e Iran) is the
head of government of the
Islamic Republic of Iran. The President is the highest
popularly elected official in Iran, although the President answers to the
Supreme Leader of Iran, who functions as the country's
head of state. Chapter IX of the
Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran sets forth the qualifications for presidential candidates and procedures for election, as well as the President's powers and responsibilities as "functions of the executive". These include signing treaties and other agreements with foreign countries and international organizations; administering national planning, budget, and state employment affairs; and appointing ministers subject to the approval of
 However, in reality the president mainly gets the blame for failures than actually making the decisions. The current long-time Supreme Leader
Ali Khamenei, who has been ruling for nearly three decades, has been issuing decrees and making the final decisions on economy, environment, foreign policy, national planning such as population growth, and everything else in Iran.
 Khamenei also makes the final decisions on the amount of transparency in elections in Iran,
 and has fired and reinstated Presidential cabinet appointments.
Unlike the executive in other countries, the President of Iran does not have full control over anything, including foreign policy, the armed forces, and nuclear policy, among others, as these are ultimately under the control of the
The President of Iran is elected for a four-year term by the direct vote of the people and may not serve for more than two consecutive terms or more than 8 years.
The current President of Iran is
Hassan Rouhani, who assumed office on August 3, 2013, after the
2013 Iranian presidential election. He succeeded
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, who served 8 years in office from 2005 to 2013.