President of India

President of India
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Ram Nath Kovind official portrait.jpg
Ram Nath Kovind

since 25 July 2017
StatusHead of state
ResidenceRashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi
Rashtrapati Nilayam, Hyderabad (winter)
The Retreat Building, Shimla (summer)
AppointerElectoral College of India
Term lengthFive years
PrecursorGovernor General of India
Inaugural holderRajendra Prasad (1950–1962)
FormationThe Constitution of India
26 January 1950; 69 years ago (1950-01-26)
DeputyVice President of India
Salary500,000 (US$7,200) (per month)[1]

The president of India is the ceremonial head of state of India and the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces.

The president is indirectly elected by an electoral college comprising the Parliament of India (both houses) and the legislative assemblies of each of India's states and territories, who themselves are all directly elected.

Although the Article 53 of the Constitution of India states that the president can exercise his powers directly or by subordinate authority, with few exceptions, all of the executive powers vested in the president are, in practice, exercised by the prime minister (a subordinate authority) with the help of the Council of Ministers.[2] The president is bound by the constitution to act on the advice of the prime minister and cabinet as long as the advice is not violating the constitution.

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India achieved independence from the British on 15 August 1947, initially as a dominion within the Commonwealth of Nations with George VI as king, represented in the country by a governor-general.[3] Still, following this, the Constituent Assembly of India, under the leadership of B.R.Ambedkar, undertook the process of drafting a completely new constitution for the country. The Constitution of India was eventually enacted on 26 November 1949 and came into force on 26 January 1950,[4]:26 making India a republic.[5]:9 The offices of monarch and governor-general were replaced by the new office of President of India, with Rajendra Prasad as its first incumbent.[5]:1

The Indian constitution accords with the president, the responsibility and authority to defend and protect the Constitution of India and its rule of law.[6] Invariably, any action taken by the executive or legislature entities of the constitution shall become law only after the president's assent. The president shall not accept any actions of the executive or legislature which are unconstitutional. The president is the foremost, most empowered and prompt defender of the constitution (Article 60), who has pre-emptive power for ensuring constitutionality in the actions of the executive or legislature. The role of the judiciary in upholding the Constitution of India is the second line of defence in nullifying any unconstitutional actions of the executive and legislative entities of the Indian Union.

Other Languages
العربية: رئيس الهند
azərbaycanca: Hindistan Prezidenti
ދިވެހިބަސް: އިންޑިޔާގެ ރައީސް
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: ভারতর রাষ্ট্রপতি
Bahasa Indonesia: Presiden India
עברית: נשיא הודו
മലയാളം: രാഷ്ട്രപതി
norsk nynorsk: Presidenten i India
Simple English: President of India
українська: Президент Індії
中文: 印度總統