President of France

President of the French Republic
Président de la République française
Faisceau de licteur.svg
Presidential emblem
Emmanuel Macron in July 2017.jpg
Incumbent
Emmanuel Macron

since 14 May 2017
Style His Excellency [1]
Member of Council of Ministers
European Council
Residence Élysée Palace
Seat Paris
Appointer Direct Popular Vote
Term length Five years
Renewable once
Constituting instrument Constitution of the Fifth Republic
Formation 20 December 1848
4 October 1958 (Fifth Republic)
First holder Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte
Salary €178,923.72 (€14,910.31/month) [2]
Website www.elysee.fr
Armoiries république française.svg
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The President of the French Republic ( French: Président de la République française, French pronunciation: ​ [pʁezidɑ̃ də la ʁepyblik fʁɑ̃sɛz]) is the executive head of state of France in the French Fifth Republic. In French terms, the Presidency is the supreme magistracy of the country.

The powers, functions and duties of prior presidential offices, and their relation with the Prime Minister and Cabinet, have over time differed with the various French constitutions since 1848 (the final end of the French Monarchy).

The President of the French Republic is also the ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra, Grand Master of the Légion d'honneur and the Ordre national du Mérite, and honorary proto-canon of the Basilica of St. John Lateran in Rome.

The current president is Emmanuel Macron, who succeeded François Hollande on 14 May 2017. [3]

Election

Since the Referendum on the Direct Election of the President of the French Republic in 1962, the president has been directly elected by universal suffrage; he or she was previously elected by an electoral college.

After the Referendum on the Reduction of the Mandate of the President of the French Republic, 2000, the length of the term was reduced to five years from the previous seven; the first election to a shorter term was held in 2002. President Chirac was first elected in 1995 and again in 2002. At that time, there was no limit on the number of terms, so Chirac could have run again, but chose not to. He was succeeded by Nicolas Sarkozy on 16 May 2007.

Following a further change, the Constitutional law on the Modernisation of the Institutions of the Fifth Republic, 2008, a president cannot serve more than two consecutive terms. François Mitterrand and Jacques Chirac are the only presidents to date who have served a full two terms (14 years for the former, 12 years for the latter).

In order to be admitted as an official candidate, potential candidates must receive signed nominations (informally known as parrainages, for "sponsors") from more than 500 elected officials, mostly mayors. These officials must be from at least 30 départements or overseas collectivities, and no more than 10% of them should be from the same département or collectivity. [4] Furthermore, each official may nominate only one candidate. [5] There are exactly 45,543 elected officials, including 33,872 mayors.

Spending and financing of campaigns and political parties are highly regulated. There is a cap on spending, at approximately 20 million euros, and government public financing of 50% of spending if the candidate scores more than 5%. If the candidate receives less than 5% of the vote, the government funds €8,000,000 to the party (€4,000,000 paid in advance). [6] Advertising on TV is forbidden, but official time is given to candidates on public TV. An independent agency regulates election and party financing.

French presidential elections are conducted via run-off voting, which ensures that the elected president always obtains a majority: if no candidate receives a majority of votes in the first round of voting, the two highest-scoring candidates arrive at a run-off. After the president is elected, he or she goes through a solemn investiture ceremony called a "passation des pouvoirs" ("handing over of powers"). [7]

Other Languages
беларуская: Прэзідэнт Францыі
עברית: נשיא צרפת
Bahasa Melayu: Presiden Perancis
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Fransiya prezidenti
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Predsjednik Francuske
українська: Президент Франції
Tiếng Việt: Tổng thống Pháp
吴语: 法国总统
粵語: 法國總統
中文: 法国总统