Positivism

  • positivism is a philosophical theory stating that certain ("positive") knowledge is based on natural phenomena and their properties and relations. thus, information derived from sensory experience, interpreted through reason and logic, forms the exclusive source of all certain knowledge.[1] positivism holds that valid knowledge (certitude or truth) is found only in this a posteriori knowledge.

    verified data (positive facts) received from the senses are known as empirical evidence; thus positivism is based on empiricism.[1]

    positivism also holds that society, like the physical world, operates according to general laws. introspective and intuitive knowledge is rejected, as are metaphysics and theology because metaphysical and theological claims cannot be verified by sense experience. although the positivist approach has been a recurrent theme in the history of western thought,[2] the modern approach was formulated by the philosopher auguste comte in the early 19th century.[3] comte argued that, much as the physical world operates according to gravity and other absolute laws, so does society.[4]

  • etymology
  • overview
  • sociological positivism
  • logical positivism
  • historical positivism
  • further thinkers
  • in science today
  • criticisms
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • external links

Positivism is a philosophical theory stating that certain ("positive") knowledge is based on natural phenomena and their properties and relations. Thus, information derived from sensory experience, interpreted through reason and logic, forms the exclusive source of all certain knowledge.[1] Positivism holds that valid knowledge (certitude or truth) is found only in this a posteriori knowledge.

Verified data (positive facts) received from the senses are known as empirical evidence; thus positivism is based on empiricism.[1]

Positivism also holds that society, like the physical world, operates according to general laws. Introspective and intuitive knowledge is rejected, as are metaphysics and theology because metaphysical and theological claims cannot be verified by sense experience. Although the positivist approach has been a recurrent theme in the history of western thought,[2] the modern approach was formulated by the philosopher Auguste Comte in the early 19th century.[3] Comte argued that, much as the physical world operates according to gravity and other absolute laws, so does society.[4]

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Positivismus
العربية: وضعية
asturianu: Positivismu
azərbaycanca: Pozitivizm
Bân-lâm-gú: Si̍t-chèng-chú-gī
беларуская: Пазітывізм
български: Позитивизъм
bosanski: Pozitivizam
brezhoneg: Soliadouriezh
català: Positivisme
čeština: Pozitivismus
Cymraeg: Positifiaeth
Deutsch: Positivismus
eesti: Positivism
Ελληνικά: Θετικισμός
español: Positivismo
Esperanto: Pozitivismo
euskara: Positibismo
français: Positivisme
galego: Positivismo
한국어: 실증주의
հայերեն: Պոզիտիվիզմ
हिन्दी: तथ्यवाद
hrvatski: Pozitivizam
Bahasa Indonesia: Positivisme
interlingua: Positivismo
íslenska: Framhyggja
italiano: Positivismo
ქართული: პოზიტივიზმი
қазақша: Позитивизм
Кыргызча: Позитивизм
Latina: Positivismus
latviešu: Pozitīvisms
lietuvių: Pozityvizmas
Limburgs: Positivisme
magyar: Pozitivizmus
Nederlands: Positivisme
日本語: 実証主義
occitan: Positivisme
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਪ੍ਰਤੱਖਵਾਦ
Piemontèis: Positivism
polski: Pozytywizm
português: Positivismo
română: Pozitivism
русский: Позитивизм
Scots: Positivism
Simple English: Positivism
سنڌي: اثباتيت
slovenčina: Pozitivizmus
slovenščina: Pozitivizem
српски / srpski: Позитивизам
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Pozitivizam
svenska: Positivism
тоҷикӣ: Позитивизм
Türkçe: Pozitivizm
українська: Позитивізм
اردو: مثبتیت
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: دەلىلچىلىك پەلسەپىسى
中文: 实证主义