Fáilte go dtí Tairseach na hÉireann!
Fair faa ye tae tha Airlann Inlat!
Welcome to the Ireland Portal!

Sister portal:
Northern Ireland
Satellite image of Ireland

Ireland (Irish: Éire, Ulster Scots: Airlann) is the third-largest island in Europe and the twentieth-largest island in the world. It lies to the north-west of continental Europe and is surrounded by hundreds of islands and islets. The Republic of Ireland covers five-sixths of the island. Northern Ireland, a part of the United Kingdom, covers the remainder and is located in the northeast of the island. The population of Ireland is estimated to be 6.2 million. Slightly less than 4.5 million are estimated to live in the Republic of Ireland and slightly less than 1.8 million live in Northern Ireland.

Relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain to epitomise the Ireland's geography with several navigable rivers extending inland. The island has a lush vegetation, a product of its mild but changeable oceanic climate, which avoids extremes in temperature. Thick woodlands covered the island until the 1600s. Today, it is the most deforested area in Europe. Twenty-six mammal species are native to Ireland, with some, such as the red fox, hedgehog and badger, being very common. Others, like the Irish hare, red deer and pine marten are less so.

Irish culture has had a significant influence on culture world-wide, particularly in the fields of literature and, to a lesser degree, science and learning. A strong indigenous culture, expressed for example through native sports and the Irish language, exists alongside a regional culture, such as Rugby football and golf. Read more ...

Selected article


The bodhrán (IPA [ˈbɔːrɑːn] or [ˈbaʊrɑːn]; plural bodhráns or bodhráin) is an Irish frame drum ranging from 25 to 65cm (10" to 26") in diameter, with most drums measuring 35 to 45cm (14" to 18"). The sides of the drum are 9 to 20cm (3½" to 8") deep. A goatskin head is tacked to one side (although nowadays, synthetic heads, or new materials like kangaroo skin, are sometimes used). The other side is open ended for one hand to be placed against the inside of the drum head to control the pitch and timbre. One or two crossbars, sometimes removable, may be inside the frame, but this is increasingly rare on professional instruments. Some professional modern bodhráin integrate mechanical tuning systems similar to those used on drums found in drum kits. Read more...

Selected biography

Revolutionary Joyce.jpg

James Augustine Aloysius Joyce (2 February 1882 – 13 January 1941) was an Irish expatriate writer, widely considered to be one of the most influential writers of the 20th century. He is best known for his landmark novel Ulysses (1922) and its highly controversial successor Finnegans Wake (1939), as well as the short story collection Dubliners (1914) and the semi-autobiographical novel A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man (1916).

Although he spent most of his adult life outside Ireland, Joyce's psychological and fictional universe is firmly rooted in his native Dublin, the city which provides the settings and much of the subject matter for all his fiction. In particular, his tempestuous early relationship with the Irish Roman Catholic Church is reflected through a similar inner conflict in his recurrent alter ego Stephen Dedalus. As the result of his minute attentiveness to a personal locale and his self-imposed exile and influence throughout Europe, (notably in Paris, France), Joyce became paradoxically one of the most cosmopolitan yet one of the most regionally-focused of all the English language writers of his time. Read more...



Selected series: Irish cities

The Tribes of Galway, Eyre Square
The Tribes of Galway, Eyre Square
City of the Tribes
Laudatio Ejus Manet In Secula Seculorum[1]  (Latin)
"His Praise Remains unto Ages of Ages"
 • TypeCity Council
 • Lord MayorMichael Crowe[2]
 • LEAs3
 • Dáil ÉireannGalway West
 • European ParliamentNorth-West
 • City72,414
 • Urban
 • Demonym
Time zoneUTC0 (WET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (IST)
Area code(s)091
  1. ^ "William R. Wilde's Loch Coirib - Its Shores and Islands". Galway.net. Retrieved 2010-08-12.
  2. ^ "Mayor of Galway City". Galway City Council. Retrieved 6 September 2010.


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Featured articles

1981 Irish hunger strike ·Abbey Theatre ·Achtung Baby ·Aldfrith of Northumbria ·Arnold Bax ·Book of Kells ·Richard John Bingham, 7th Earl of Lucan ·Burke and Hare murders ·Richard Cantillon ·Charles I of England ·Tom Crean ·Andrew Cunningham ·Drapier's Letters ·Edward VII ·Dave Gallaher ·Geography of Ireland ·Michael Gomez ·Augusta, Lady Gregory ·Head VI ·House of Plantagenet ·International goals scored by Robbie Keane ·Irish phonology ·Irish Victoria Cross recipients · James Joyce ·James II of England ·George Moore ·Murder of Julia Martha Thomas ·Cillian Murphy ·Nelson's Pillar ·James Nesbitt ·No Line on the Horizon ·Postage stamps of Ireland ·Representative peer ·Saint Fin Barre's Cathedral ·Ernest Shackleton ·George Bernard Shaw ·Charles Villiers Stanford ·John Millington Synge ·The Revolution Will Not Be Televised ·U2 ·U2 3D ·William Butler Yeats ·Zoo TV Tour

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United KingdomNorthern IrelandScotlandWalesCornwallEnglandEuropean UnionEurope


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