"jp2" redirects here. for other uses, see jp2 and pope john paul ii (disambiguation).
john paul ii
bishop of rome
john paul ii in 1985
16 october 1978
2 april 2005
john paul i
1 november 1946 by adam stefan sapieha
28 september 1958 by eugeniusz baziak
26 june 1967 by paul vi
karol józef wojtyła
(1920-05-18)18 may 1920 wadowice, poland
2 april 2005(2005-04-02) (aged 84) apostolic palace, vatican city
auxiliary bishop of kraków, poland (1958–1964)
titular bishop of ombi (1958–1964)
archbishop of kraków, poland (1964–1978)
cardinal-priest of san cesareo in palatio (1967–1978)
totus tuus (totally yours)
coat of arms
1 may 2011 st. peter's square, vatican city by benedict xvi
27 april 2014 st. peter's square, vatican city by francis
archdiocese of kraków
world youth day (co-patron)
world meeting of families 2015 (co-patron)
paradahan, tanza, cavite 
other popes named john paul
pope john paul ii (latin: ioannes paulus ii; italian: giovanni paolo ii; polish: jan paweł ii; born karol józef wojtyła[ˈkarɔl ˈjuzɛv vɔjˈtɨwa];[a] 18 may 1920 – 2 april 2005) was head of the catholic church and sovereign of the vatican city state from 1978 to 2005.
he was elected pope by the second papal conclave of 1978, which was called after pope john paul i, who had been elected in august to succeed pope paul vi, died after 33 days.
cardinal wojtyła was elected on the third day of the conclave and adopted the name of his predecessor in tribute to him. john paul ii is recognised as helping to end communist rule in his native poland and eventually all of europe. john paul ii significantly improved the catholic church's relations with judaism, islam, and the eastern orthodox church. he upheld the church's teachings on such matters as the right to life, artificial contraception, the ordination of women, and a celibate clergy, and although he supported the reforms of the second vatican council, he was seen as generally conservative in their interpretation.
he was one of the most travelled world leaders in history, visiting 129 countries during his pontificate. as part of his special emphasis on the universal call to holiness, he beatified 1,340 and canonised 483 people, more than the combined tally of his predecessors during the preceding five centuries. by the time of his death, he had named most of the college of cardinals, consecrated or co-consecrated a large number of the world's bishops, and ordained many priests.
john paul ii was the second longest-serving pope in modern history after pope pius ix. born in poland, john paul ii was the first non-italian pope since the 16th-century pope adrian vi. john paul ii's cause for canonisation commenced one month after his death with the traditional five-year waiting period waived. on 19 december 2009, john paul ii was proclaimed venerable by his successor, benedict xvi, and was beatified on 1 may 2011 (divine mercy sunday) after the congregation for the causes of saints attributed one miracle to his intercession, the healing of a french nun from parkinson's disease. a second miracle was approved on 2 july 2013, and confirmed by pope francis two days later. john paul ii was canonised on 27 april 2014 (again divine mercy sunday), together with pope john xxiii. on 11 september 2014, pope francis added these two optional memorials to the worldwide general roman calendar of saints. it is traditional to celebrate saints' feast days on the anniversary of their deaths, but that of john paul ii (22 october) is celebrated on the anniversary of his papal inauguration. posthumously, he has been referred to by some catholics as "st. john paul the great", although the title has no official recognition.
He was one of the most travelled world leaders in history, visiting 129 countries during his pontificate. As part of his special emphasis on the universal call to holiness, he beatified 1,340 and canonised 483 people, more than the combined tally of his predecessors during the preceding five centuries. By the time of his death, he had named most of the College of Cardinals, consecrated or co-consecrated a large number of the world's bishops, and ordained many priests.