Pope John Paul II

  • pope saint

    john paul ii
    bishop of rome
    john paul ii in 1985
    john paul ii in 1985
    dioceserome
    seeholy see
    papacy began16 october 1978
    papacy ended2 april 2005
    predecessorjohn paul i
    successorbenedict xvi
    orders
    ordination1 november 1946
    by adam stefan sapieha
    consecration28 september 1958
    by eugeniusz baziak
    created cardinal26 june 1967
    by paul vi
    personal details
    birth namekarol józef wojtyła
    born(1920-05-18)18 may 1920
    wadowice, poland
    died2 april 2005(2005-04-02) (aged 84)
    apostolic palace, vatican city
    nationalitypolish
    denominationcatholic
    previous post
    • auxiliary bishop of kraków, poland (1958–1964)
    • titular bishop of ombi (1958–1964)
    • archbishop of kraków, poland (1964–1978)
    • cardinal-priest of san cesareo in palatio (1967–1978)
    mottototus tuus
    (totally yours)
    signaturejohn paul ii's signature
    coat of armsjohn paul ii's coat of arms
    sainthood
    feast day22 october
    venerated incatholic church
    beatified1 may 2011
    st. peter's square, vatican city
    by benedict xvi
    canonized27 april 2014
    st. peter's square, vatican city
    by francis
    attributes
    • papal ferula
    • papal vestments
    patronage
    • archdiocese of kraków
    • world youth day (co-patron)
    • world meeting of families 2015 (co-patron)
    • young catholics
    • families[1]
    • Świdnica[2]
    • trecastelli[3]
    • borgo mantovano[4]
    • rivignano teor[5]
    paradahan, tanza, cavite [6]
    other popes named john paul

    pope john paul ii (latin: ioannes paulus ii; italian: giovanni paolo ii; polish: jan paweł ii; born karol józef wojtyła [ˈkarɔl ˈjuzɛv vɔjˈtɨwa];[a] 18 may 1920 – 2 april 2005) was head of the catholic church and sovereign of the vatican city state from 1978 to 2005.

    he was elected pope by the second papal conclave of 1978, which was called after pope john paul i, who had been elected in august to succeed pope paul vi, died after 33 days. cardinal wojtyła was elected on the third day of the conclave and adopted the name of his predecessor in tribute to him.[7][8] john paul ii is recognised as helping to end communist rule in his native poland and eventually all of europe.[9] john paul ii significantly improved the catholic church's relations with judaism, islam, and the eastern orthodox church. he upheld the church's teachings on such matters as the right to life, artificial contraception, the ordination of women, and a celibate clergy, and although he supported the reforms of the second vatican council, he was seen as generally conservative in their interpretation.[10][11]

    he was one of the most travelled world leaders in history, visiting 129 countries during his pontificate. as part of his special emphasis on the universal call to holiness, he beatified 1,340[12] and canonised 483 people, more than the combined tally of his predecessors during the preceding five centuries. by the time of his death, he had named most of the college of cardinals, consecrated or co-consecrated a large number of the world's bishops, and ordained many priests.[13]

    john paul ii was the second longest-serving pope in modern history after pope pius ix. born in poland, john paul ii was the first non-italian pope since the 16th-century pope adrian vi. john paul ii's cause for canonisation commenced one month after his death with the traditional five-year waiting period waived. on 19 december 2009, john paul ii was proclaimed venerable by his successor, benedict xvi, and was beatified on 1 may 2011 (divine mercy sunday) after the congregation for the causes of saints attributed one miracle to his intercession, the healing of a french nun from parkinson's disease. a second miracle was approved on 2 july 2013, and confirmed by pope francis two days later. john paul ii was canonised on 27 april 2014 (again divine mercy sunday), together with pope john xxiii.[14] on 11 september 2014, pope francis added these two optional memorials to the worldwide general roman calendar of saints.[15] it is traditional to celebrate saints' feast days on the anniversary of their deaths, but that of john paul ii (22 october) is celebrated on the anniversary of his papal inauguration.[16][17] posthumously, he has been referred to by some catholics as "st. john paul the great", although the title has no official recognition.[18][19][20][21]

  • early life
  • presbyterate
  • episcopate and cardinalate
  • papacy
  • teachings
  • reform of canon law
  • catechism of the catholic church
  • role in the collapse of dictatorships
  • role in the fall of communism
  • relations with other denominations and religions
  • assassination attempts and plots
  • apologies
  • health
  • death and funeral
  • posthumous recognition
  • criticism and controversy
  • personal life
  • see also
  • references
  • further reading
  • external links


John Paul II
Bishop of Rome
John Paul II in 1985
John Paul II in 1985
DioceseRome
SeeHoly See
Papacy began16 October 1978
Papacy ended2 April 2005
PredecessorJohn Paul I
SuccessorBenedict XVI
Orders
Ordination1 November 1946
by Adam Stefan Sapieha
Consecration28 September 1958
by Eugeniusz Baziak
Created cardinal26 June 1967
by Paul VI
Personal details
Birth nameKarol Józef Wojtyła
Born(1920-05-18)18 May 1920
Wadowice, Poland
Died2 April 2005(2005-04-02) (aged 84)
Apostolic Palace, Vatican City
NationalityPolish
DenominationCatholic
Previous post
MottoTotus Tuus
(Totally yours)
SignatureJohn Paul II's signature
Coat of armsJohn Paul II's coat of arms
Sainthood
Feast day22 October
Venerated inCatholic Church
Beatified1 May 2011
St. Peter's Square, Vatican City
by Benedict XVI
Canonized27 April 2014
St. Peter's Square, Vatican City
by Francis
Attributes
Patronage Paradahan, Tanza, Cavite [6]
Other popes named John Paul

Pope John Paul II (Latin: Ioannes Paulus II; Italian: Giovanni Paolo II; Polish: Jan Paweł II; born Karol Józef Wojtyła [ˈkarɔl ˈjuzɛv vɔjˈtɨwa];[a] 18 May 1920 – 2 April 2005) was head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 1978 to 2005.

He was elected pope by the second papal conclave of 1978, which was called after Pope John Paul I, who had been elected in August to succeed Pope Paul VI, died after 33 days. Cardinal Wojtyła was elected on the third day of the conclave and adopted the name of his predecessor in tribute to him.[7][8] John Paul II is recognised as helping to end Communist rule in his native Poland and eventually all of Europe.[9] John Paul II significantly improved the Catholic Church's relations with Judaism, Islam, and the Eastern Orthodox Church. He upheld the Church's teachings on such matters as the right to life, artificial contraception, the ordination of women, and a celibate clergy, and although he supported the reforms of the Second Vatican Council, he was seen as generally conservative in their interpretation.[10][11]

He was one of the most travelled world leaders in history, visiting 129 countries during his pontificate. As part of his special emphasis on the universal call to holiness, he beatified 1,340[12] and canonised 483 people, more than the combined tally of his predecessors during the preceding five centuries. By the time of his death, he had named most of the College of Cardinals, consecrated or co-consecrated a large number of the world's bishops, and ordained many priests.[13]

John Paul II was the second longest-serving pope in modern history after Pope Pius IX. Born in Poland, John Paul II was the first non-Italian pope since the 16th-century Pope Adrian VI. John Paul II's cause for canonisation commenced one month after his death with the traditional five-year waiting period waived. On 19 December 2009, John Paul II was proclaimed venerable by his successor, Benedict XVI, and was beatified on 1 May 2011 (Divine Mercy Sunday) after the Congregation for the Causes of Saints attributed one miracle to his intercession, the healing of a French nun from Parkinson's disease. A second miracle was approved on 2 July 2013, and confirmed by Pope Francis two days later. John Paul II was canonised on 27 April 2014 (again Divine Mercy Sunday), together with Pope John XXIII.[14] On 11 September 2014, Pope Francis added these two optional memorials to the worldwide General Roman Calendar of saints.[15] It is traditional to celebrate saints' feast days on the anniversary of their deaths, but that of John Paul II (22 October) is celebrated on the anniversary of his papal inauguration.[16][17] Posthumously, he has been referred to by some Catholics as "St. John Paul the Great", although the title has no official recognition.[18][19][20][21]

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Johannes Paul II.
aragonés: Chuan-Pavlo II
armãneashti: Papa Ioannis Pavlu II
Avañe'ẽ: Huã Páulo II
Aymar aru: Juan Pawlu II
azərbaycanca: II İohann Pavel
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Ян Павал II
Bikol Central: Papa Juan Pablo II
български: Йоан Павел II
bosanski: Ivan Pavao II
brezhoneg: Yann-Baol II
català: Joan Pau II
Cebuano: Juan Pablo II
čeština: Jan Pavel II.
dolnoserbski: Jan Pawoł II.
español: Juan Pablo II
فارسی: ژان پل دوم
français: Jean-Paul II
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: Pope John Paul II
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Kau-fòng Ioannes Paulus 2-sṳ
hornjoserbsce: Jan Pawoł II.
hrvatski: Ivan Pavao II.
Bahasa Indonesia: Paus Yohanes Paulus II
Interlingue: Ioannes Paulus II
Kabɩyɛ: Jean-Paul 2
Kapampangan: Papa Juan Pablo II
ქართული: იოანე პავლე II
kaszëbsczi: Jan Paweł II
Lëtzebuergesch: Jean-Paul II. (Poopst)
lietuvių: Jonas Paulius II
lumbaart: Giovann Paol II
македонски: Јован Павле II
Malagasy: Joany Paoly II
مازِرونی: پاپ ژان پل دوم
Bahasa Melayu: Paus Ioannes Paulus II
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Gáu-huòng Ioannes Paulus 2-sié
norsk nynorsk: Pave Johannes Paul II
Nouormand: Jean-Paoul II
occitan: Joan Pau II
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: John Paul II
پنجابی: جان پال دوم
Piemontèis: Gioann Pàul II
Plattdüütsch: Johannes Paul II.
Ripoarisch: Johannes Paul II.
Runa Simi: Huwan Pawlu II
русский: Иоанн Павел II
саха тыла: Иоанн Павел II
Simple English: Pope John Paul II
slovenčina: Ján Pavol II.
slovenščina: Papež Janez Pavel II.
ślůnski: Jůn Paul II
српски / srpski: Папа Јован Павле II
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Ivan Pavao II.
татарча/tatarça: Иоанн Павел II
українська: Іван Павло II
žemaitėška: Juons Paulios II