Pope Francis


Bishop of Rome
Canonization 2014-The Canonization of Saint John XXIII and Saint John Paul II (14036966125).jpg
Pope Francis in Rome, 2014
SeeHoly See
Papacy began13 March 2013
PredecessorBenedict XVI
Ordination13 December 1969
by Ramón José Castellano
Consecration27 June 1992
by Antonio Quarracino
Created cardinal21 February 2001
by John Paul II
Personal details
Birth nameJorge Mario Bergoglio
Born (1936-12-17) 17 December 1936 (age 82)
Buenos Aires, Argentina
NationalityArgentine (with Vatican citizenship)
DenominationCatholic Church
ResidenceDomus Sanctae Marthae
ParentsMario José Bergoglio and Regina María Sívori
Previous postProvincial superior of the Society of Jesus in Argentina (1973–1979)
Auxiliary Bishop of Buenos Aires (1992–1997)
Titular Bishop of Auca (1992–1997)
Archbishop of Buenos Aires (1998–2013)
Cardinal priest of San Roberto Bellarmino (2001–2013)
Ordinary of the Ordinariate for the Faithful of the Eastern Rites in Argentina (1998–2013)
President of the Argentine Episcopal Conference (2005–2011)
MottoMiserando atque eligendo[a]
SignatureFrancis's signature
Coat of armsFrancis's coat of arms

Pope Francis (Latin: Franciscus; Italian: Francesco; Spanish: Francisco; born Jorge Mario Bergoglio;[b] 17 December 1936) is the head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State. Francis is the first Jesuit pope, the first from the Americas, the first from the Southern Hemisphere, the first to visit the Arabian Peninsula, and the first pope from outside Europe since the Syrian Gregory III, who reigned in the 8th century.

Born in Buenos Aires, Argentina, Bergoglio was ordained a Catholic priest in 1969, and from 1973 to 1979 was Argentina's provincial superior of the Society of Jesus (Jesuits). He became the Archbishop of Buenos Aires in 1998 and was created a cardinal in 2001 by Pope John Paul II. He led the Argentine Church during the December 2001 riots in Argentina. The administrations of Néstor Kirchner and Cristina Fernández de Kirchner considered him a political rival. Following the resignation of Pope Benedict XVI on 28 February 2013, a papal conclave elected Bergoglio as his successor on 13 March. He chose Francis as his papal name in honor of Saint Francis of Assisi.

Throughout his public life, Pope Francis has been noted for his humility, emphasis on God's mercy, international visibility as Pope, concern for the poor and commitment to interfaith dialogue. He is credited with having a less formal approach to the papacy than his predecessors, for instance choosing to reside in the Domus Sanctae Marthae guesthouse rather than in the papal apartments of the Apostolic Palace used by previous popes. He maintains that the Church should be more open and welcoming. He does not support unbridled capitalism, Marxism, or Marxist versions of liberation theology. Francis maintains the traditional views of the Church regarding abortion, marriage, ordination of women, and clerical celibacy. He opposes consumerism and overdevelopment, and supports taking action on climate change, a focus of his papacy with the promulgation of Laudato si'. In international diplomacy, he helped to restore full diplomatic relations between the United States and Cuba and supported the cause of refugees during the European migrant crisis. Since 2016, Francis has faced increasingly open criticism, particularly from theological conservatives, on the question of admitting civilly divorced and remarried Catholics to Communion with the publication of Amoris laetitia and on the question of the alleged cover-up of clergy sexual abuse.

Early years

Jorge Mario Bergoglio (fourth boy from the left on the third row from the top) at age 12, while studying at the Salesian College

Jorge Mario Bergoglio was born on 17 December 1936[2] in Flores,[3] a neighborhood of Buenos Aires.[2] He was the eldest[4] of five children of Mario José Bergoglio (1908–1959) and Regina María Sívori (1911–1981). Mario Bergoglio was an Italian immigrant accountant[5] born in Portacomaro (Province of Asti) in Italy's Piedmont region. Regina Sívori[6] was a housewife born in Buenos Aires to a family of northern Italian (Piedmontese-Genoese) origin.[7][8][9] Mario José's family left Italy in 1929 to escape the fascist rule of Benito Mussolini.[10] According to María Elena Bergoglio, the Pope's only living sibling, they did not emigrate for economic reasons.[11] His other siblings were Alberto Horacio, Oscar Adrián and Marta Regina.[12] Two great-nephews, Antonio and Joseph, died in a traffic collision.[13][14]

In the sixth grade, Bergoglio attended Wilfrid Barón de los Santos Ángeles, a school of the Salesians of Don Bosco, in Ramos Mejía, Buenos Aires. He attended the technical secondary school Escuela Técnica Industrial N° 27 Hipólito Yrigoyen,[15] named after a past President of Argentina, and graduated with a chemical technician's diploma.[2][16][17] He worked for a few years in that capacity in the foods section at Hickethier-Bachmann Laboratory[18] where his boss was Esther Ballestrino. Before joining the Jesuits, Bergoglio worked as a bar bouncer and as a janitor sweeping floors, and he also ran tests in a chemical laboratory.[19][20] Bergoglio was initially stated in media reports to having obtained a master's degree in Chemistry,[21] although this was later determined to be false.[22][23]

In the only known health crisis of his youth, at the age of 21 he suffered from life-threatening pneumonia and three cysts. He had part of a lung excised shortly afterwards.[15][24] Bergoglio has been a lifelong supporter of San Lorenzo de Almagro football club.[25] Bergoglio is also a fan of the films of Tita Merello,[26] neorealism, and tango dancing, with a fondness for the traditional music of Argentina and Uruguay known as the milonga.[26]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Pous Franciskus
Alemannisch: Franziskus (Papst)
aragonés: Francisco (papa)
asturianu: Papa Franciscu
Avañe'ẽ: Pápa Francisco
Aymar aru: Francisku
azərbaycanca: Fransisk
Bân-lâm-gú: Kàu-hông Franciscus
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Францішак (папа рымскі)
Bikol Central: Papa Francisco
български: Франциск
Boarisch: Franz (Popst)
bosanski: Papa Franjo
brezhoneg: Frañsez (pab)
català: Papa Francesc
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Francisco (papa)
Cymraeg: Pab Ffransis
dansk: Pave Frans
dolnoserbski: Franciskus
eesti: Franciscus
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Francesco (papa)
Esperanto: Francisko (papo)
estremeñu: Franciscu (papa)
føroyskt: Frans pávi
français: François (pape)
Gàidhlig: Pàpa Frangan
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: Pope Francis
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Kau-fòng Franciscus
hornjoserbsce: Franciskus
hrvatski: Franjo
Bahasa Indonesia: Paus Fransiskus
interlingua: Papa Francisco
Interlingue: Franciscus (pápa)
íslenska: Frans páfi
italiano: Papa Francesco
עברית: פרנציסקוס
Kabɩyɛ: Papa François
Kapampangan: Papa Francisco
ქართული: ფრანცისკე
Kiswahili: Papa Fransisko
Ladino: Franchis I
latviešu: Francisks
Lëtzebuergesch: Franciscus (Poopst)
lingála: Pápa Falaswa
Lingua Franca Nova: Fransisco (pape)
lumbaart: Papa Francesch
magyar: Ferenc pápa
македонски: Папа Франциск
Malagasy: Papa Francisco
მარგალური: ფრანცისკე
مازِرونی: پاپ فرانسیس
Bahasa Melayu: Paus Franciscus
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Gáu-huòng Franciscus
Mirandés: Papa Fracisco
монгол: Францис
Nederlands: Paus Franciscus
Napulitano: Papa Francesco
norsk nynorsk: Pave Frans
Novial: Papo Francis
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Francis
پنجابی: پوپ فرانسس
Tok Pisin: Pop Francis
Plattdüütsch: Franziskus (Paapst)
português: Papa Francisco
română: Papa Francisc
sicilianu: Franciscu (papa)
Simple English: Pope Francis
slovenščina: Papež Frančišek
српски / srpski: Папа Франциско
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Papa Franjo
Basa Sunda: Paus Fransiskus
татарча/tatarça: Франциск (папа)
Türkçe: Franciscus
українська: Франциск (папа)
Tiếng Việt: Giáo hoàng Phanxicô
Volapük: Franciscus
粵語: 方濟各