Pope Fabian

Pope Saint
Saint Fabian1.jpg
Saint Fabian by Giovanni di Paolo (c. 1450) wears an anachronistic Papal tiara
Papacy began10 January 236
Papacy ended20 January 250
Personal details
Birth nameFabianus
Bornc. 200
Died(250-01-20)20 January 250
Rome, Roman Empire
Feast day20 January (Catholic Church)
8 August[1] (Orthodox Church)
Venerated inCatholic Church
Eastern Orthodox Church

Fabian (Latin: Fabianus; c. 200 – 20 January 250) was the Bishop of Rome from 10 January 236 to his death in 250,[2] succeeding Anterus. He is famous for the miraculous nature of his election, in which a dove is said to have descended on his head to mark him as the Holy Spirit's unexpected choice to become the next pope.[3] He was succeeded by Cornelius.

Most of his papacy was characterized by amicable relations with the imperial government, and Fabian could thus bring back to Rome the bodies of Pope Pontian and the antipope Hippolytus, both of whom had died in exile in the Sardinian mines, for Christian burial. It was also probably during his reign that the schism between the two corresponding Roman congregations of these leaders was ended. He was highly esteemed by Cyprian;[4] Novatian refers to his nobilissima memoriae, and he corresponded with Origen. One authority refers to him as Flavian.[5]

The Liber Pontificalis, a fourth-century document that survives in later copies, says that he divided Rome into diaconates and appointed secretaries to collect the records of the martyrs. He is also said, probably without basis, to have baptized the emperor Philip the Arab and his son. More plausible is the report in the Liberian Catalogue that he sent out seven "apostles to the Gauls" as missionaries.

He died a martyr at the beginning of the Decian persecution and is venerated as a saint by the Catholic Church.[2][3] Fabian's feast day is commemorated on January 20, the same as Saint Sebastian,[6] in whose church his sepulcher lies in Rome.

Early life and accession

According to the Liber Pontificalis, Fabian was a noble Roman by birth, and his father's name was Fabius. Nothing more is known about his background. The legend concerning the circumstances of his election is preserved by the fourth-century writer Eusebius of Caesarea (Church History, VI. 29).[7]

After the short reign of Pope Anterus, Fabian had come to Rome from the countryside when the new papal election began. "Although present," says Eusebius, Fabian "was in the mind of none." While the names of several illustrious and noble churchmen were being considered over the course of thirteen days, a dove suddenly descended upon the head of Fabian. To the assembled electors, this strange sight recalled the gospel scene of the descent of the Holy Spirit on Jesus at the time of his baptism by John the Baptist. The congregation took this as a sign that he was marked out for this dignity, and Fabian was at once proclaimed bishop by acclamation.[7]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Pous Fabianus
Alemannisch: Fabianus
العربية: فابيان
aragonés: Fabián I
asturianu: Papa Fabián
Bân-lâm-gú: Kàu-hông Fabianus
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Фабіян (папа рымскі)
български: Фабиан
brezhoneg: Fabianus
català: Papa Fabià
čeština: Svatý Fabián
Deutsch: Fabianus
eesti: Fabianus
Ελληνικά: Πάπας Φαβιανός
español: Fabián (papa)
Esperanto: Fabiano
euskara: Fabian
فارسی: فابین
français: Fabien (pape)
Gaeilge: Pápa Fabian
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Kau-fòng Fabianus
hrvatski: Fabijan
Ilokano: Papa Fabian
Bahasa Indonesia: Paus Fabianus
italiano: Papa Fabiano
עברית: פביאנוס
Basa Jawa: Paus Fabianus
Kiswahili: Papa Fabian
latviešu: Fabiāns
македонски: Папа Фабијан
مازِرونی: فابین
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Gáu-huòng Fabianus
Nederlands: Paus Fabianus
norsk: Fabian
occitan: Fabian (papa)
português: Papa Fabiano
română: Papa Fabian
shqip: Fabiani
slovenčina: Fabián (pápež)
slovenščina: Papež Fabijan
српски / srpski: Папа Фабијан
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Papa Fabijan
svenska: Fabianus
Tagalog: Papa Fabian
Türkçe: Fabianus
українська: Фабіан
Tiếng Việt: Giáo hoàng Fabianô
Winaray: Papa Fabian
Yorùbá: Pópù Fabian
粵語: 聖法彬