Pope Clement XII


Clement XII
Bishop of Rome
Pope Clement XII, portrait.jpg
Papacy began12 July 1730
Papacy ended6 February 1740
PredecessorBenedict XIII
SuccessorBenedict XIV
Ordination7 May 1706
by Pope Clement XI
Consecration18 June 1690
by Flavio Chigi
Created cardinal17 May 1706
by Pope Clement XI
Personal details
Birth nameLorenzo Corsini
Born(1652-04-07)7 April 1652
Florence, Grand Duchy of Tuscany
Died6 February 1740(1740-02-06) (aged 87)
Rome, Papal States
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Coat of armsClement XII's coat of arms
Other popes named Clement

Pope Clement XII (Latin: Clemens XII; 7 April 1652 – 6 February 1740), born Lorenzo Corsini, was Pope from 12 July 1730 to his death in 1740.

Clement presided over the growth of a surplus in the papal finances. He thus became known for building the new façade of the Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano, beginning construction of the Trevi Fountain, and the purchase of Cardinal Alessandro Albani's collection of antiquities for the papal gallery. In his 1738 bull In eminenti apostolatus, he provides the first public papal condemnation of Freemasonry, helping bring about the Catholic Church's longstanding opposition to the order.

Early life

Lorenzo Corsini was born in Florence in 1652 as the son of Bartolomeo Corsini, Marquis of Casigliano and his wife Elisabetta Strozzi, the sister of the Duke of Bagnuolo. Both of his parents belonged to the old Florentine nobility. He was a distant relative of Saint Andrea Corsini.[1]

Corsini studied at the Jesuit Collegio Romano in Rome and also at the University of Pisa where he earned a doctorate in both civil law and canon law.

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українська: Климент XII