Pontiac, Michigan

Pontiac, Michigan
City of Pontiac
Official seal of Pontiac, Michigan
Location of Pontiac, Michigan
Location of Pontiac, Michigan
Coordinates: 42°38′46″N 83°17′33″W / 42.64611°N 83.29250°W / 42°38′46″N 83°17′33″W / 42.64611; -83.29250
Country United States
State Michigan
County Oakland
Settled 1818
Incorporated 1861
 • Type Council-Strong Mayor
 • Mayor Deirdre Waterman
Area [1]
 • Total 20.28 sq mi (52.52 km2)
 • Land 19.97 sq mi (51.72 km2)
 • Water 0.31 sq mi (0.80 km2)
Elevation 922 ft (281 m)
Population ( 2010) [2]
 • Total 59,515
 • Estimate (2012 [3]) 60,175
 • Density 2,980.2/sq mi (1,150.7/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) ( UTC-5)
 • Summer ( DST) EDT ( UTC-4)
ZIP codes 48340-48343
Area code(s) 248, 947
FIPS code 26-65440
GNIS feature ID 0635224 [4]
Website http://www.pontiac.mi.us

Pontiac /ˈpɒniæk/ is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan, located in Metro Detroit. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 59,515. It is the county seat of Oakland County. [5] and about 12 miles (19 km) north and slightly west of the Detroit city limits.

Pontiac is notably the first organized settlement of a town in 1818 within the interior of Michigan, with the exception of Dearborn that was in close proximity of Detroit. Named after Pontiac, a war chief of the Ottawa people, the city achieved its widest reputation for its General Motors automobile manufacturing plants of the 20th century, which were the basis of its economy and contributed to the wealth of the region. These included Fisher Body, Pontiac East Assembly (a.k.a. Truck & Coach/Bus) which manufactured GMC products, and the Pontiac Motor Division, which in the city's heyday was the primary automobile assembly plant where the famed Pontiac cars were produced. They were named after the city. The city of Pontiac also was home to Oakland Motor Car Company, which was acquired by General Motors in 1909.

Also of note is the Pontiac Silverdome, the stadium that hosted the Detroit Lions of the National Football League (NFL) from 1975 until 2002, when the team returned to downtown Detroit. Super Bowl XVI was played at the Silverdome in 1982.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.28 square miles (52.52 km2), of which 19.97 square miles (51.72 km2) is land and 0.31 square miles (0.80 km2) is water. [1]

Pontiac is bounded by the city of Auburn Hills to the east and north, the city of Lake Angelus to the north, Waterford Township to the west, and Bloomfield Township to the south.

The former Pontiac Township included what are now the cities of Pontiac, Lake Angelus, and Auburn Hills. The township incorporated as the city of Auburn Hills in 1983. Although the township no longer exists as a civil entity, it is still used as a survey township for land use purposes.