Pontiac, Michigan

Pontiac, Michigan
City of Pontiac
Downtown Pontiac
Downtown Pontiac
Official seal of Pontiac, Michigan
Location of Pontiac, Michigan
Location of Pontiac, Michigan
Coordinates: 42°38′46″N 83°17′33″W / 42°38′46″N 83°17′33″W / 42.64611; -83.29250
CountryUnited States
 • TypeCouncil-Strong Mayor
 • MayorMaurice Threets
 • Deputy MayorMoe Threets
 • Total20.28 sq mi (52.52 km2)
 • Land19.97 sq mi (51.72 km2)
 • Water0.31 sq mi (0.80 km2)
Elevation922 ft (281 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total59,515
 • Estimate (2016)[3]59,698
 • Density2,900/sq mi (1,100/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes48340-48343
Area code(s)248, 947
FIPS code26-65440
GNIS feature ID0635224[4]

Pontiac i-/ is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan, located near Metro Detroit. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 59,515. It is the county seat of Oakland County,[5] and about 12 miles (19 km) north and slightly west of the Detroit city limits.

Founded in 1818, Pontiac is notably the first European-American organized settlement of a town within the interior of Michigan, with the exception of Dearborn, Michigan, which is in close proximity to Detroit. It was named after Pontiac, a war chief of the Ottawa people, who had occupied that area before the European settlers. The city achieved its widest reputation for its General Motors automobile manufacturing plants of the 20th century, which were the basis of its economy and contributed to the wealth of the region. These included Fisher Body, Pontiac East Assembly (a.k.a. Truck & Coach/Bus), which manufactured GMC products, and the Pontiac Motor Division. In the city's heyday, this was the primary automobile assembly plant where the famed Pontiac cars were produced, and was named after the city (the Pontiac name was discontinued by General Motors in 2010). The city of Pontiac also was home to Oakland Motor Car Company, which was acquired by General Motors in 1909.

The city built the Pontiac Silverdome, the stadium that hosted the Detroit Lions of the National Football League (NFL) from 1975 until 2001, when the team returned to downtown Detroit. Super Bowl XVI was played at the Silverdome in 1982. The stadium was demolished in 2017.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.28 square miles (52.52 km2), of which 19.97 square miles (51.72 km2) is land and 0.31 square miles (0.80 km2) is water.[1]

Pontiac is bounded by the city of Auburn Hills to the east and north, the city of Lake Angelus to the north, Waterford Township to the west, and Bloomfield Township to the south.

The former Pontiac Township included what are now the cities of Pontiac, Lake Angelus, and Auburn Hills. The township incorporated as the city of Auburn Hills in 1983. Although the township no longer exists as a civil entity, it is still used as a survey township for land use purposes.

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