Poltavka culture

Poltavka culture
Geographical rangeRussia, Kazakhstan
PeriodBronze Age
Datesc. 2700 BCE – 2100 BCE
Preceded byYamnaya culture, Catacomb culture, Sintashta culture
Followed bySrubna culture, Sintashta culture

Poltavka culture (Russian: Полтавкинская культура), 2700—2100 BCE, an early to middle Bronze Age archaeological culture of the middle Volga from about where the Don-Volga canal begins up to the Samara Bend in Russia, with an easterly extension north of present Kazakhstan along the Samara River valley to somewhat west of Orenburg.

Together with the Catacomb culture it is the successor of the Yamnaya culture, while also succeeded by the Sintashta culture.[1] It seems to be an early manifestation of the Srubna culture. There is evidence of influence from the Maykop culture to its south.

What significantly distinguishes it from the Yamnaya culture are changes in pottery and an increase in metal objects. Tumulus inhumations continue, but with less use of ochre.

In a 2015 study published in Nature, the remains of six individuals ascribed to the Poltavka culture were analyzed. Five of the individuals were determined to belong to haplogroup R1b1a2 and various subclades of it, while one individual, who belonged to the outliers of the culture, was determined to belong to haplogroup R1a1a1b2a.[2]

It was succeeded by the Srubna and Sintashta culture. It is presumptively early Indo-Iranian (Proto-Indo-Iranian), possibly representing a late satem dialect of Proto-Indo-European.

References

  1. ^ Полтавкинская культура – Большая русская энциклопедия (БРЭ). Т.26. Москва, 2016
  2. ^ Mathieson, Iain (December 24, 2015). "Genome-wide patterns of selection in 230 ancient Eurasians". Nature. 528 (7583): 499–503. 10.1038/nature16152. PMC PMC 4918750.
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