As one of the unitary local government areas of Scotland, the City of Edinburgh has a defined structure of governance, generally under the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994, with The City of Edinburgh Council governing on matters of local administration such as housing, planning, local transport, parks and local economic development and regeneration. For such purposes the City of Edinburgh is divided into 17 wards.
The current Lord Provost of Edinburgh is Frank Ross, who replaced Donald Wilson in 2017. In Scotland the Lord Provost fulfils many similar roles to that of a Mayor in some other countries.
Elections to the Council are held every four/five years electing 63 councillors. The most recent elections took place in May 2017 and the next election is in May 2022. Prior to May 2017, the Council was controlled by a Labour/Scottish National Party coalition which continues following the 2017 election except that the SNP is now the largest party.
The Council is currently the second highest employer in Edinburgh, with a total of 18,617 employees.