Polish Corridor

The Polish Corridor in 1923–1939

The Polish Corridor (German: Polnischer Korridor; Polish: Pomorze, Korytarz polski), also known as Danzig Corridor, Corridor to the Sea or Gdańsk Corridor, was a territory located in the region of Pomerelia (Pomeranian Voivodeship, eastern Pomerania, formerly part of West Prussia), which provided the Second Republic of Poland (1920–1939) with access to the Baltic Sea, thus dividing the bulk of Germany from the province of East Prussia. The Free City of Danzig (now the Polish city of Gdańsk) was separate from both Poland and Germany. A similar territory, also occasionally referred to as a corridor, had been connected to the Polish Crown as part of Royal Prussia during the period 1466–1772.[1][2]

Terminology

According to German historian Hartmut Boockmann the term "Corridor" was first used by Polish politicians,[3] while Polish historian Grzegorz Lukomski writes that the word was coined by German nationalist propaganda of the 1920s.[4] Internationally the term was used in the English language already as early as March 1919[5] and whatever its origins, it became a widespread term in English language usage.[6][7][8][9][10][11][12]

The equivalent German term is Polnischer Korridor. Polish names include korytarz polski ("Polish corridor") and korytarz gdański ("Gdańsk corridor"); however, reference to the region as a corridor came to be regarded as offensive by interwar Polish diplomats. Among the harshest critics of the term corridor was Polish Foreign Minister Józef Beck, who in his May 5, 1939 speech in Sejm (Polish parliament) said: "I am insisting that the term Pomeranian Voivodeship should be used. The word corridor is an artificial idea, as this land has been Polish for centuries, with a small percentage of German settlers".[13] Poles would commonly refer to the region as Pomorze Gdańskie ("Gdańsk Pomerania, Pomerelia") or simply Pomorze ("Pomerania"), or as województwo pomorskie ("Pomeranian Voivodeship"), which was the administrative name for the region.

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Dansiq koridoru
беларуская: Польскі калідор
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Польскі калідор
čeština: Polský koridor
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Curidōr ad Dànsica
español: Corredor polaco
Esperanto: Pola koridoro
한국어: 폴란드 회랑
Bahasa Indonesia: Koridor Polandia
latviešu: Poļu koridors
Bahasa Melayu: Koridor Poland
Nederlands: Poolse Corridor
português: Corredor polonês
slovenščina: Poljski koridor
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Poljski koridor
Türkçe: Danzig Koridoru
українська: Польський коридор
中文: 波兰走廊