Poblet Monastery

Poblet Monastery
Poblet Monastery.jpg
Basic information
LocationVimbodí i Poblet, Catalonia, Spain
Geographic coordinates41°22′51″N 1°04′57″E / 41°22′51″N 1°04′57″E / 41.380833; 1.0825
Architectural description
Architect(s)Arnau Bargués
Architectural typeMonastery
Architectural styleCatalan Gothic
Designated as NHL
UNESCO World Heritage site
518
Inscription1991 (15th Session)
Official name: Monestir de Poblet
Designated13 July 1921
Reference no.(R.I.)-51-0000197-00000[1]

The Royal Abbey of Santa Maria de Poblet (Catalan: Reial Monestir de Santa Maria de Poblet) is a Cistercian monastery, founded in 1151, located at the foot of the Prades Mountains, in the comarca of Conca de Barberà, in Catalonia (Spain). It was founded by Cistercian monks from France on lands conquered from the Moors. The main architect was Arnau Bargués.

This monastery was the first of three sister monasteries, known as the Cistercian triangle, that helped consolidate power in Catalonia in the 12th century. (The other two are Vallbona de les Monges and Santes Creus.)

Significance

Poblet was one of the two royal pantheons of the kings of the Crown of Aragon since James I of Aragon (along with Monastery of San Juan de la Peña). Some of the most important royal sepulchres have alabaster statues that lie over the tomb. The kings have lion sculptures at their feet, while the queens have dogs.[2]

Peter IV of Aragon (1319 – 1387) made it a condition, under solemn oath at the moment of crowning, that all the Aragonese kings be buried there. Only Ferdinand II of Aragon broke the oath, after his kingdom had been merged with the Kingdom of Castile, and was buried in Granada.[3]

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