Pittsburgh

  • pittsburgh, pennsylvania
    city
    city of pittsburgh
    clockwise from top: pittsburgh skyline; carnegie mellon university; pnc park; duquesne incline; cathedral of learning at the university of pittsburgh
    clockwise from top: pittsburgh skyline; carnegie mellon university; pnc park; duquesne incline; cathedral of learning at the university of pittsburgh
    flag of pittsburgh, pennsylvania
    flag
    coat of arms of pittsburgh, pennsylvania
    coat of arms
    nickname(s): 
    city of bridges, steel city,
    city of champions, the 'burgh
    motto(s): 
    benigno numine
    location within allegheny county interactive map outlining pittsburgh
    location within allegheny county
    interactive map outlining pittsburgh
    pittsburgh is located in pennsylvania
    pittsburgh
    pittsburgh
    location within pennsylvania
    pittsburgh is located in the united states
    pittsburgh
    pittsburgh
    location within the united states
    coordinates: 40°26′23″n 79°58′35″w / 40°26′23″n 79°58′35″w / 40.43972; -79.97639 allegheny
    historic empires
    • pavillon royal de france.svg france
    • flag of great britain (1707–1800).svg great britain
    historic colonies
    • royal standard of king louis xiv.svg new france
    • flag of great britain (1707–1800).svg quebec
    • red ensign of great britain (1707-1800).svg province of pennsylvania
    foundednovember 27, 1758
    municipal incorporation
    • april 22, 1794 (borough)
    • march 18, 1816 (city)
    founded by
    • george washington
    • general john forbes
    named for"the great commoner": prime minister william pitt
    government
     • typemayor-council
     • mayorbill peduto (d)
     • city council
    area
    [1]
     • city58.34 sq mi (151.11 km2)
     • land55.38 sq mi (143.42 km2)
     • water2.97 sq mi (7.69 km2)  4.8%
     • metro
    5,343 sq mi (13,840 km2)
    highest elevation
    1,370 ft (420 m)
    lowest elevation
    710 ft (220 m)
    population
     (2010)
     • city305,704
     • estimate 
    ()[2]
    301,048
     • rankus: 66th
     • density5,460.98/sq mi (2,108.49/km2)
     • urban
    1,775,634 (us: 25th)
     • metro
    2,362,453 (us: 22nd)
     • csa
    2,659,937 (us: 20th)
     • gmp
    $131.3 billion (23rd)
    demonym(s)pittsburgher, yinzer
    time zoneutc−5 (eastern standard time)
     • summer (dst)utc−4 (eastern daylight time)
    zip code
    area codes412, 724, 878
    fips code42-61000
    www.pittsburghpa.gov edit this at wikidata
    pennsylvania historical marker
    designated1946[3]

    pittsburgh (ɡ/ pits-burg) is a city in the state of pennsylvania in the united states, and is the county seat of allegheny county. a population of about 302,407 (2018) residents live within the city limits, making it the 66th-largest city in the u.s. the metropolitan population of 2,324,743 is the largest in both the ohio valley and appalachia, the second-largest in pennsylvania (behind philadelphia), and the 27th-largest in the u.s.

    pittsburgh is located in the southwest of the state, at the confluence of the allegheny, monongahela, and ohio rivers.[4] pittsburgh is known both as "the steel city" for its more than 300 steel-related businesses and as the "city of bridges" for its 446 bridges.[5] the city features 30 skyscrapers, two inclined railways, a pre-revolutionary fortification and the point state park at the confluence of the rivers. the city developed as a vital link of the atlantic coast and midwest, as the mineral-rich allegheny mountains made the area coveted by the french and british empires, virginians, whiskey rebels, and civil war raiders.[6]

    aside from steel, pittsburgh has led in manufacturing of aluminum, glass, shipbuilding, petroleum, foods, sports, transportation, computing, autos, and electronics.[7] for part of the 20th century, pittsburgh was behind only new york city and chicago in corporate headquarters employment; it had the most u.s. stockholders per capita.[8] deindustrialization in the 1970s and 80s laid off area blue-collar workers as steel and other heavy industries declined, and thousands of downtown white-collar workers also lost jobs when several pittsburgh-based companies moved out.[9] the population dropped from a peak of 675,000 in 1950 to 370,000 in 1990. however, this rich industrial history left the area with renowned museums, medical centers,[10] parks, research centers, and a diverse cultural district.[11]

    after the deindustrialization of the mid-20th century, pittsburgh has transformed into a hub for the health care, education, and technology industries.[12] pittsburgh is a leader in the health care sector as the home to large medical providers such as university of pittsburgh medical center (upmc). the area is home to 68 colleges and universities, including research and development leaders carnegie mellon university and the university of pittsburgh.[13] google, apple inc., bosch, facebook, uber, nokia, autodesk, amazon, microsoft and ibm are among 1,600 technology firms generating $20.7 billion in annual pittsburgh payrolls. the area has served as the long-time federal agency headquarters for cyber defense, software engineering, robotics, energy research and the nuclear navy.[14] the nation's eighth-largest bank, eight fortune 500 companies, and six of the top 300 u.s. law firms make their global headquarters in the area, while rand corporation (rand), bny mellon, nova, fedex, bayer, and the national institute for occupational safety and health (niosh) have regional bases that helped pittsburgh become the sixth-best area for u.s. job growth.[15]

    in 2015, pittsburgh was listed among the "eleven most livable cities in the world";[16][17] the economist's global liveability ranking placed pittsburgh as the most or second-most livable city in the united states in 2005, 2009, 2011, 2012 and 2014.[18] the region is a hub for leadership in energy and environmental design and energy extraction.[19]

  • history
  • geography
  • demographics
  • economy
  • arts and culture
  • sports
  • government and politics
  • education
  • media
  • utilities
  • health care
  • transportation
  • notable people
  • sister cities
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • further reading
  • external links

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
City
City of Pittsburgh
Clockwise from top: Pittsburgh skyline; Carnegie Mellon University; PNC Park; Duquesne Incline; Cathedral of Learning at the University of Pittsburgh
Nickname(s): 
Motto(s): 
Location within Allegheny County Interactive map outlining Pittsburgh
Location within Allegheny County
Interactive map outlining Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh is located in Pennsylvania
Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Location within Pennsylvania
Pittsburgh is located in the United States
Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Location within the United States
Coordinates: 40°26′23″N 79°58′35″W / 40°26′23″N 79°58′35″W / 40.43972; -79.97639 Allegheny
Historic empires
Historic colonies
FoundedNovember 27, 1758
Municipal incorporation
  • April 22, 1794 (Borough)
  • March 18, 1816 (City)
Founded by
Named for"The Great Commoner": Prime Minister William Pitt
Government
 • TypeMayor-council
 • MayorBill Peduto (D)
 • City Council
Area
 • City58.34 sq mi (151.11 km2)
 • Land55.38 sq mi (143.42 km2)
 • Water2.97 sq mi (7.69 km2)  4.8%
 • Metro
5,343 sq mi (13,840 km2)
Highest elevation
1,370 ft (420 m)
Lowest elevation
710 ft (220 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • City305,704
 • Estimate 
()[2]
301,048
 • RankUS: 66th
 • Density5,460.98/sq mi (2,108.49/km2)
 • Urban
1,775,634 (US: 25th)
 • Metro
2,362,453 (US: 22nd)
 • CSA
2,659,937 (US: 20th)
 • GMP
$131.3 billion (23rd)
Demonym(s)Pittsburgher, Yinzer
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern Standard Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (Eastern Daylight Time)
ZIP Code
Area codes412, 724, 878
FIPS code42-61000
www.pittsburghpa.gov Edit this at Wikidata
Designated1946[3]

Pittsburgh (ɡ/ PITS-burg) is a city in the state of Pennsylvania in the United States, and is the county seat of Allegheny County. A population of about 302,407 (2018) residents live within the city limits, making it the 66th-largest city in the U.S. The metropolitan population of 2,324,743 is the largest in both the Ohio Valley and Appalachia, the second-largest in Pennsylvania (behind Philadelphia), and the 27th-largest in the U.S.

Pittsburgh is located in the southwest of the state, at the confluence of the Allegheny, Monongahela, and Ohio rivers.[4] Pittsburgh is known both as "the Steel City" for its more than 300 steel-related businesses and as the "City of Bridges" for its 446 bridges.[5] The city features 30 skyscrapers, two inclined railways, a pre-revolutionary fortification and the Point State Park at the confluence of the rivers. The city developed as a vital link of the Atlantic coast and Midwest, as the mineral-rich Allegheny Mountains made the area coveted by the French and British empires, Virginians, Whiskey Rebels, and Civil War raiders.[6]

Aside from steel, Pittsburgh has led in manufacturing of aluminum, glass, shipbuilding, petroleum, foods, sports, transportation, computing, autos, and electronics.[7] For part of the 20th century, Pittsburgh was behind only New York City and Chicago in corporate headquarters employment; it had the most U.S. stockholders per capita.[8] Deindustrialization in the 1970s and 80s laid off area blue-collar workers as steel and other heavy industries declined, and thousands of downtown white-collar workers also lost jobs when several Pittsburgh-based companies moved out.[9] The population dropped from a peak of 675,000 in 1950 to 370,000 in 1990. However, this rich industrial history left the area with renowned museums, medical centers,[10] parks, research centers, and a diverse cultural district.[11]

After the deindustrialization of the mid-20th century, Pittsburgh has transformed into a hub for the health care, education, and technology industries.[12] Pittsburgh is a leader in the health care sector as the home to large medical providers such as University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC). The area is home to 68 colleges and universities, including research and development leaders Carnegie Mellon University and the University of Pittsburgh.[13] Google, Apple Inc., Bosch, Facebook, Uber, Nokia, Autodesk, Amazon, Microsoft and IBM are among 1,600 technology firms generating $20.7 billion in annual Pittsburgh payrolls. The area has served as the long-time federal agency headquarters for cyber defense, software engineering, robotics, energy research and the nuclear navy.[14] The nation's eighth-largest bank, eight Fortune 500 companies, and six of the top 300 U.S. law firms make their global headquarters in the area, while RAND Corporation (RAND), BNY Mellon, Nova, FedEx, Bayer, and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) have regional bases that helped Pittsburgh become the sixth-best area for U.S. job growth.[15]

In 2015, Pittsburgh was listed among the "eleven most livable cities in the world";[16][17] The Economist's Global Liveability Ranking placed Pittsburgh as the most or second-most livable city in the United States in 2005, 2009, 2011, 2012 and 2014.[18] The region is a hub for Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design and energy extraction.[19]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Pittsburgh
አማርኛ: ፕትስበርግ
asturianu: Pittsburgh
azərbaycanca: Pittsburq
تۆرکجه: پیتسبورگ
bamanankan: Pittsburgh
Bân-lâm-gú: Pittsburgh
беларуская: Пітсбург
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Пітсбург (Пэнсыльванія)
български: Питсбърг
bosanski: Pittsburgh
brezhoneg: Pittsburgh
català: Pittsburgh
Cebuano: Pittsburgh
čeština: Pittsburgh
Chamoru: Pittsburgh
corsu: Pittsburgh
Cymraeg: Pittsburgh
dansk: Pittsburgh
Deutsch: Pittsburgh
Diné bizaad: Naʼníʼá Halání
eesti: Pittsburgh
Ελληνικά: Πίτσμπεργκ
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Pittsburgh
español: Pittsburgh
Esperanto: Pittsburgh
euskara: Pittsburgh
فارسی: پیتسبرگ
français: Pittsburgh
Frysk: Pittsburgh
Gaeilge: Pittsburgh
Gàidhlig: Pittsburgh
Gĩkũyũ: Pittsburgh
한국어: 피츠버그
հայերեն: Փիթսբուրգ
Bahasa Indonesia: Pittsburgh
íslenska: Pittsburgh
italiano: Pittsburgh
עברית: פיטסבורג
қазақша: Питтсбург
Kreyòl ayisyen: Pittsburgh, Pennsilvani
Кыргызча: Питсбург
Latina: Pittsburgum
latviešu: Pitsburga
lietuvių: Pitsbergas
Limburgs: Pittsburgh
lumbaart: Pittsburgh
magyar: Pittsburgh
македонски: Питсбург
Malagasy: Pittsburgh
Bahasa Melayu: Pittsburgh
Nederlands: Pittsburgh
нохчийн: Питтсбург
norsk: Pittsburgh
norsk nynorsk: Pittsburgh
occitan: Pittsburgh
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਪਿਟਸਬਰਗ
پنجابی: پٹس برگ
Piemontèis: Pittsburgh
polski: Pittsburgh
português: Pittsburgh
русиньскый: Питтсбург
русский: Питтсбург
саха тыла: Питтсбург
sardu: Pittsburgh
Scots: Pittsburgh
sicilianu: Pittsburgh
Simple English: Pittsburgh
slovenčina: Pittsburgh
slovenščina: Pittsburgh
ślůnski: Pittsburgh
српски / srpski: Питсбург
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
suomi: Pittsburgh
svenska: Pittsburgh
Tagalog: Pittsburgh
татарча/tatarça: Питтсбург
Türkçe: Pittsburgh
українська: Піттсбург
اردو: پٹسبرگ
Tiếng Việt: Pittsburgh
Volapük: Pittsburgh
Winaray: Pittsburgh
吴语: 匹兹堡
ייִדיש: פיטסבורג
粵語: 匹茲堡
中文: 匹兹堡