Pine

Pine tree
Pinus densiflora Kumgangsan.jpg
Korean red pine (Pinus densiflora), North Korea
Scientific classification e
Kingdom:Plantae
Division:Pinophyta
Class:Pinopsida
Order:Pinales
Family:Pinaceae
Subfamily:Pinoideae
Genus:Pinus
L.
Subgenera

See List of Pinus species for complete taxonomy to species level. See list of pines by region for list of species by geographic distribution.

Pinus range.png
Range of Pinus

A pine is any conifer in the genus Pinus, s/,[1] of the family Pinaceae. Pinus is the sole genus in the subfamily Pinoideae. The Plant List compiled by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and Missouri Botanical Garden accepts 126 species names of pines as current, together with 35 unresolved species and many more synonyms.[2]

Etymology

Pine forest in Vagamon, southern Western Ghats, Kerala (India)

The modern English name "pine" derives from Latin pinus, which some have traced to the Indo-European base *pīt- ‘resin’ (source of English pituitary).[3] Before the 19th century, pines were often referred to as firs (from Old Norse fura, by way of Middle English firre). In some European languages, Germanic cognates of the Old Norse name are still in use for pines—in Danish fyr, in Norwegian fura/fure/furu, Swedish fura/furu, Dutch vuren, and German Föhre—but in modern English, fir is now restricted to fir (Abies) and Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga).

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Denneboom
Alemannisch: Kiefer (Baum)
Ænglisc: Pīntrēow
العربية: صنوبر
aragonés: Pinus
asturianu: Pinus
Atikamekw: Cikokw
azərbaycanca: Şam ağacı
تۆرکجه: شام آغاجی
беларуская: Хвоя
български: Бор
Boarisch: Farchn
བོད་ཡིག: ཐང་ཤིང་།
català: Pi (arbre)
čeština: Borovice
Cymraeg: Pinwydden
Deitsch: Beintbaam
Deutsch: Kiefern
Diné bizaad: Ńdíshchííʼ
dolnoserbski: Chójca
Ελληνικά: Πεύκο
эрзянь: Пиче
español: Pinus
Esperanto: Pino
euskara: Pinu
فارسی: کاج
français: Pin (plante)
Gaeilge: Péine
Gàidhlig: Giuthas
galego: Piñeiro
한국어: 소나무속
Հայերեն: Սոճի
हिन्दी: चीड़
hornjoserbsce: Chójna
Ido: Pino
Bahasa Indonesia: Tusam
Ирон: Нæзы
íslenska: Furur
italiano: Pinus
עברית: אורן
ქართული: ფიჭვი
қазақша: Қарағай
Kinyarwanda: Umubunda (pinusi)
коми: Пожӧм
kurdî: Çam
кырык мары: Йӓктӹ
Latina: Pinus
latviešu: Priedes
Lëtzebuergesch: Kiferen
lietuvių: Pušis
македонски: Бор (дрво)
മലയാളം: പൈൻ
მარგალური: ფიჭვი
мокшень: Пиче
монгол: Нарс
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ထင်းရှူး
Nederlands: Den (geslacht)
नेपाली: सल्लो
日本語: マツ
Nordfriisk: Sjüüren
norsk nynorsk: Furuslekta
occitan: Pin
олык марий: Пӱнчӧ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Qaragʻay
پنجابی: پائن
Перем Коми: Пожум
Plattdüütsch: Föhren
polski: Sosna
português: Pinheiro
română: Pin (arbore)
Runa Simi: Pinu
русский: Сосна
саха тыла: Бэс
Scots: Pine
Seeltersk: Fjuurenboome
shqip: Pisha
Simple English: Pine
slovenčina: Borovica
slovenščina: Bor (drevo)
српски / srpski: Бор (биљка)
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Borovi (rod)
Basa Sunda: Pines
suomi: Männyt
svenska: Tallsläktet
Tagalog: Pino
தமிழ்: பைன்
татарча/tatarça: Нарат
తెలుగు: పైన్
тоҷикӣ: Санавбар
Türkçe: Çam
тыва дыл: Хады
удмурт: Пужым
українська: Сосна
اردو: صنوبر
vepsän kel’: Pedai
Tiếng Việt: Chi Thông
West-Vlams: Pynboom
Winaray: Pinus
Xitsonga: Mupayi
ייִדיש: סאסנע
粵語: 松屬
žemaitėška: Pošis
中文: 松屬