Persian Gulf

  • persian gulf
    persiangulf vue satellite du golfe persique.jpg
    persian gulf from space
    locationgulf of oman
    basin countriesiran, iraq, kuwait, saudi arabia, qatar, bahrain, united arab emirates and oman (exclave of musandam)
    max. length989 km (615 mi)
    surface area251,000 km2 (97,000 sq mi)
    average depth50 m (160 ft)
    max. depth90 m (300 ft)

    the persian gulf (persian: خلیج فارس‎, romanizedxalij-e fârs, lit. 'gulf of fars') is a mediterranean sea in western asia. the body of water is an extension of the indian ocean (gulf of oman) through the strait of hormuz and lies between iran to the northeast and the arabian peninsula to the southwest.[1] the shatt al-arab river delta forms the northwest shoreline.

    the body of water is historically and internationally known as the "persian gulf".[2][3][4] some arab governments refer to it as the "arabian gulf" (arabic: اَلْخَلِيْجُ ٱلْعَرَبِيُّ‎, romanizedal-khalīj al-ˁarabī) or "the gulf",[5] but neither term is recognized globally. the name "gulf of iran (persian gulf)" is used by the international hydrographic organization.[6]

    the persian gulf was a battlefield of the 1980–1988 iran–iraq war, in which each side attacked the other's oil tankers. it is the namesake of the 1991 gulf war, the largely air- and land-based conflict that followed iraq's invasion of kuwait.

    the persian gulf has many fishing grounds, extensive reefs (mostly rocky, but also coral), and abundant pearl oysters, but its ecology has been damaged by industrialization and oil spills.

    the persian gulf is in the persian gulf basin, which is of cenozoic origin and related to the subduction of the arabian plate under the zagros mountains.[7] the current flooding of the basin started 15,000 years ago due to rising sea levels of the holocene glacial retreat.[8]

  • geography
  • oceanography
  • oil and gas
  • name
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  • islands
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  • see also
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Persian Gulf
PersianGulf vue satellite du golfe persique.jpg
Persian Gulf from space
LocationGulf of Oman
Basin countriesIran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Bahrain, United Arab Emirates and Oman (exclave of Musandam)
Max. length989 km (615 mi)
Surface area251,000 km2 (97,000 sq mi)
Average depth50 m (160 ft)
Max. depth90 m (300 ft)

The Persian Gulf (Persian: خلیج فارس‎, romanizedXalij-e Fârs, lit. 'Gulf of Fars') is a mediterranean sea in Western Asia. The body of water is an extension of the Indian Ocean (Gulf of Oman) through the Strait of Hormuz and lies between Iran to the northeast and the Arabian Peninsula to the southwest.[1] The Shatt al-Arab river delta forms the northwest shoreline.

The body of water is historically and internationally known as the "Persian Gulf".[2][3][4] Some Arab governments refer to it as the "Arabian Gulf" (Arabic: اَلْخَلِيْجُ ٱلْعَرَبِيُّ‎, romanizedAl-Khalīj al-ˁArabī) or "The Gulf",[5] but neither term is recognized globally. The name "Gulf of Iran (Persian Gulf)" is used by the International Hydrographic Organization.[6]

The Persian Gulf was a battlefield of the 1980–1988 Iran–Iraq War, in which each side attacked the other's oil tankers. It is the namesake of the 1991 Gulf War, the largely air- and land-based conflict that followed Iraq's invasion of Kuwait.

The Persian Gulf has many fishing grounds, extensive reefs (mostly rocky, but also coral), and abundant pearl oysters, but its ecology has been damaged by industrialization and oil spills.

The Persian Gulf is in the Persian Gulf Basin, which is of Cenozoic origin and related to the subduction of the Arabian Plate under the Zagros Mountains.[7] The current flooding of the basin started 15,000 years ago due to rising sea levels of the Holocene glacial retreat.[8]

Other Languages
адыгабзэ: Перс Псыдахь
Afrikaans: Persiese Golf
Alemannisch: Persischer Golf
Ænglisc: Persisc Sǣ
Արեւմտահայերէն: Պարսից Ծոց
asturianu: Golfu Pérsicu
azərbaycanca: İran körfəzi
تۆرکجه: فارس کؤرفزی
Bân-lâm-gú: Pho-su-oan
башҡортса: Фарсы ҡултығы
беларуская: Персідскі заліў
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Пэрсыдзкая затока
Bikol Central: Golpo Persiko
български: Персийски залив
bosanski: Perzijski zaliv
brezhoneg: Pleg-mor Persia
català: Golf Pèrsic
Чӑвашла: Перс кӳлмекĕ
čeština: Perský záliv
Cymraeg: Gwlff Persia
dolnoserbski: Persiski zalew
español: Golfo Pérsico
Esperanto: Persa Golfo
فارسی: خلیج فارس
français: Golfe Persique
گیلکی: خلیج فارس
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Pô-sṳ̂-vân
한국어: 페르시아만
հայերեն: Պարսից ծոց
hornjoserbsce: Persiski zaliw
Bahasa Indonesia: Teluk Persia
íslenska: Persaflói
italiano: Golfo Persico
Kiswahili: Ghuba ya Uajemi
Кыргызча: Парс булуңу
latviešu: Persijas līcis
Lëtzebuergesch: Persesche Golf
lietuvių: Persijos įlanka
Limburgs: Perzische Golf
македонски: Персиски Залив
მარგალური: სპარსეთიშ ჸუჯი
مازِرونی: خلیج فارس
Bahasa Melayu: Teluk Parsi
Minangkabau: Taluak Persia
Nederlands: Perzische Golf
日本語: ペルシア湾
Nordfriisk: Golf faan Persien
norsk nynorsk: Persiabukta
occitan: Golf Persic
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Fors koʻrfazi
پنجابی: خلیج فارس
português: Golfo Pérsico
română: Golful Persic
sicilianu: Gulfu Pèrsicu
Simple English: Persian Gulf
slovenčina: Perzský záliv
slovenščina: Perzijski zaliv
Soomaaliga: Gacanka Faarsiga
српски / srpski: Персијски залив
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Perzijski zaljev
Taqbaylit: Abagu Afarsi
татарча/tatarça: Фарсы култыгы
тоҷикӣ: Халиҷи Форс
Türkçe: Basra Körfezi
українська: Перська затока
Tiếng Việt: Vịnh Ba Tư
West-Vlams: Perzische Golf
吴语: 波斯灣
粵語: 波斯灣
中文: 波斯湾