People's Liberation Army

Chinese People's Liberation Army
中国人民解放军
China Emblem PLA.svg
Emblem of the People's Liberation Army
People's Liberation Army Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
Flag of the People's Liberation Army
The characters are "8 1", referencing August 1.
Motto为人民服务
"Serve the People"
Founded1 August 1927 (Nanchang uprising)
Current form15 August 1945
Service branches PLA Ground Force
PLA Navy
PLA Air Force
PLA Rocket Force
PLASSF.svg PLA Strategic Support Force
HeadquartersCentral Military Commission, Beijing
Leadership
Chairman of the
Central Military Commission
(commander-in-chief)

China Xi Jinping (General Secretary and President)

1st-ranked Vice-Chairman of the Central Military Commission Air Force General Xu Qiliang
2nd-ranked Vice-Chairman of the Central Military Commission General Zhang Youxia
Minister of National Defense General Wei Fenghe
Chief of the Joint Staff Department General Li Zuocheng
Manpower
Military age20+
ConscriptionCompulsory by law, but usually not enforced
Active personnel2,035,000 (2018)[1]
Reserve personnel510,000 (2018)[1]
Expenditures
BudgetOfficial:$154.3 billion (2017)[1]
SIPRI:$228 billion (2017)[2]
Percent of GDPSIPRI:1.9% (2017)[3]
Industry
Domestic suppliers
Foreign suppliers Russia
 Ukraine
 France
 United States
 United Kingdom
 Germany
 Israel[4]
Related articles
HistoryHistory of the PLA
Modernization of the PLA
Historical Chinese wars and battles
Military engagements
RanksArmy ranks
Navy ranks
Air force ranks
People's Liberation Army
Simplified Chinese中国人民解放军
Traditional Chinese中國人民解放軍
Literal meaning"Chinese People's Liberation Army"
This article is part of a series on the
Politics of China
National Emblem of the People's Republic of China (2).svg

The Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) is the armed forces of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and Communist Party of China (CPC). The PLA consists of five professional service branches: the Ground Force, Navy, Air Force, Rocket Force, and the Strategic Support Force. Units around the country are assigned to one of five Theater commands by geographical location. It has is the world's largest number of active duty personnel at 2,035,000 and has the the second largest defence budget.[1][5]

The PLA is under the command of the Central Military Commission (CMC) of the CPC. It is legally obliged to follow the principle of civilian control of the military, although in practical terms this principle has been implemented in such a way as to ensure the PLA is under the absolute control of the Communist Party of China. Its commander in chief is the Chairman of the Central Military Commission (usually the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China). The Ministry of National Defense, which operates under the State Council, does not exercise any authority over the PLA and is far less powerful than the CMC.

Military service is compulsory by law; however, compulsory military service in China has never been enforced due to large numbers of military and paramilitary personnel. In times of national emergency, the People's Armed Police and the People's Liberation Army militia act as a reserve and support element for the PLAGF.

Mission statement

Former CMC chairman Hu Jintao had defined the missions of the PLA as:[6]

  • To consolidate the ruling status of the Communist Party
  • To ensure China's sovereignty, territorial integrity, and domestic security to continue national development
  • To safeguard China's national interests
  • To help maintain world peace
Other Languages
Bahasa Indonesia: Tentara Pembebasan Rakyat
Simple English: People's Liberation Army