Penicuik is located in Midlothian
Location within Midlothian
Population15,926 (2011)
• Edinburgh8.5 mi (13.7 km)
• London324 mi (521 km)
Council area
Lieutenancy area
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Postcode districtEH26
Dialling code01968
EU ParliamentScotland
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
55°49′34″N 3°13′12″W / 55°49′34″N 3°13′12″W / 55.826; -3.220
The Cowan Institute, Penicuik
St. Mungo's Church, Penicuik (1771)
The Clerk mausoleum and old kirk, Penicuik
Park End, Penicuik by Frederick Thomas Pilkington
Picturesque housing on the south side of the river at Penicuik
Penicuik Cemetery looking towards the Pentland Hills

Penicuik (k/ PEN-i-kuuk) is a town and former burgh in Midlothian, Scotland, lying on the west bank of the River North Esk. It lies on the A701 midway between Edinburgh and Peebles, east of the Pentland Hills.


Its population at the 2011 census was 15,926 computed according to the 2010 definition of the locality.[1] The town was developed as a planned village in 1770 by Sir James Clerk of Penicuik. It became a burgh in 1867. The town was well known for its paper mills, the last of which closed in 2004.[2] More recently the town was home to the Edinburgh Crystal works. Penicuik has two secondary schools, Penicuik High School and Beeslack Community High School.

Crystal FM is the Community Radio Station serving Penicuik & S W Midlothian on 107.4FM.

The town's name is pronounced 'Pennycook' and is derived from Pen Y Cog, meaning "Hill of the Cuckoo" in the Old Brythonic language (also known as Ancient British and the forerunner of modern Welsh).[3] Penicuik is Scotland's 50th largest town and the biggest settlement in Midlothian.

Near Penicuik is Glencorse Parish Kirk, which formed part of the inspiration for Robert Louis Stevenson's Kidnapped (1886). Some of the streets nearby are named after characters in the novel and its sequel, Catriona (1893). Penicuik is home to the Royal Highland Fusiliers, 2nd Battalion The Royal Regiment of Scotland, garrisoned in Glencorse Barracks.

Penicuik is twinned with the town of L'Isle-sur-la-Sorgue in France.

Other Languages
تۆرکجه: پنیکوک
Cebuano: Penicuik
Cymraeg: Penicuik
Deutsch: Penicuik
español: Penicuik
euskara: Penicuik
فارسی: پنیکوک
français: Penicuik
Gàidhlig: Penicuik
italiano: Penicuik
Nederlands: Penicuik
Scots: Penicuik
svenska: Penicuik
українська: Пенік'юїк