Patrilineality, also known as the male line, the spear side[1] or agnatic kinship, is a common kinship system in which an individual's family membership derives from and is recorded through his or her father's lineage. It generally involves the inheritance of property, rights, names or titles by persons related through male kin.

A patriline ("father line") is a person's father, and additional ancestors, as traced only through males.

In the Bible

In the Bible, family and tribal membership appears to be transmitted through the father. For example, a person is considered to be a priest or Levite if his father is a priest or Levite, and the members of all the twelve tribes are called Israelites because their father is Israel (Jacob). Because of this they are called the "chosen people" by virtue of being "sons of Israel"; that is, the biological male descendants of Israel, who is referred to as their "father" in the sense that he is their lineal male ancestor.

Other Languages
Bân-lâm-gú: Hū-hē chè-tō͘
bosanski: Patrilinearnost
čeština: Patrilinearita
español: Patrilinaje
français: Patrilinéarité
हिन्दी: पितृवंश
Bahasa Indonesia: Patrilineal
italiano: Patrilinearità
magyar: Agnáció
македонски: Патрилинеарност
日本語: 父系制
português: Patrilinearidade
Tiếng Việt: Chế độ phụ hệ
粵語: 父系社會
中文: 父系制度