The region of Parthia within the empire of Medes, c. 600 BC; from a historical atlas illustrated by William Robert Shepherd

Parthia (Old Persian: 𐎱𐎼𐎰𐎺 Parθava; Parthian: 𐭐𐭓𐭕𐭅 Parθaw; Middle Persian: 𐭯𐭫𐭮𐭥𐭡𐭥Pahlaw) is a historical region located in north-eastern Iran. It was conquered and subjugated by the empire of the Medes during the 7th century BC, was incorporated into the subsequent Achaemenid Empire under Cyrus the Great in the 6th century BC, and formed part of the Hellenistic Seleucid Empire following the 4th-century-BC conquests of Alexander the Great. The region later served as the political and cultural base of the Eastern-Iranian Parni people and Arsacid dynasty, rulers of the Parthian Empire (247 BC – 224 AD). The Sasanian Empire, the last state of pre-Islamic Persia, also held the region and maintained the Seven Parthian clans as part of their feudal aristocracy.


The name "Parthia" is a continuation from Latin Parthia, from Old Persian Parthava, which was the Parthian language self-designator signifying "of the Parthians" who were an Iranian people. In context to its Hellenistic period, Parthia also appears as Parthyaea.

In Justinus's Epitome of Pompeius Trogus's Philippic Histories it stated;

"The Parthians, in whose hands the empire of the east now is, having divided the world, as it were, with the Romans, were originally exiles from Scythia. This is apparent from their very name; for in the Scythian language exiles are called Parthi." [41.2][1]

Other Languages
العربية: فرثيا
беларуская: Парфія
català: Pàrtia
Чӑвашла: Пархи
Deutsch: Parthien
eesti: Partia
Ελληνικά: Παρθία
español: Partia
Esperanto: Partio (lando)
euskara: Partia
فارسی: پارت
français: Parthie
한국어: 파르티아
हिन्दी: पार्थिया
Bahasa Indonesia: Parthia
íslenska: Parþía
қазақша: Парфия
kurdî: Pehlewistan
lietuvių: Partai
日本語: パルティア
پنجابی: پارتھیا
پښتو: پارت
português: Pártia
русский: Парфия
Scots: Parthie
سنڌي: پرٿوُ
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Partija (pokrajina)
Türkmençe: Parfiýa
українська: Парфія
اردو: پارتھیا
Tiếng Việt: Người Parthia
中文: 帕提亚