Parliament

The facing benches of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom are said to contribute to an adversarial style of debate.[1]
Session Hall of Parliament of Finland.

In modern politics and history, a parliament is a legislative body of government. Generally, a modern parliament has three functions: representing the electorate, making laws, and overseeing the government via hearings and inquiries.

The term is similar to the idea of a senate, synod or congress, and is commonly used in countries that are current or former monarchies, a form of government with a monarch as the head. Some contexts restrict the use of the word parliament to parliamentary systems, although it is also used to describe the legislature in some presidential systems (e.g. the French parliament), even where it is not in the official name.

Historically, parliaments included various kinds of deliberative, consultative, and judicial assemblies, e.g. mediaeval parlements.

Etymology

The English term is derived from Anglo-Norman and dates to the 14th century, coming from the 11th century Old French parlement, from parler, meaning "to talk".[2] The meaning evolved over time, originally referring to any discussion, conversation, or negotiation through various kinds of deliberative or judicial groups, often summoned by a monarch. By the 15th century, in Britain, it had come to specifically mean the legislature.[3]

Other Languages
адыгабзэ: Хасэ
Afrikaans: Parlement
Alemannisch: Parlament
አማርኛ: ፓርላማ
العربية: برلمان
asturianu: Parllamentu
azərbaycanca: Parlament
Bân-lâm-gú: Gī-hoē
беларуская: Парламент
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Парлямэнт
български: Парламент
bosanski: Parlament
brezhoneg: Parlamant
català: Parlament
Cebuano: Parlamento
čeština: Parlament
Cymraeg: Senedd
dansk: Parlament
Deutsch: Parlament
eesti: Parlament
Ελληνικά: Κοινοβούλιο
español: Parlamento
Esperanto: Parlamento
euskara: Parlamentu
فارسی: مجلس
føroyskt: Ting
français: Parlement
Frysk: Parlemint
Gaeilge: Parlaimint
Gàidhlig: Pàrlamaid
galego: Parlamento
贛語: 議會
한국어: 의회
Հայերեն: Խորհրդարան
hrvatski: Parlament
Ilokano: Parlamento
Bahasa Indonesia: Parlemen
interlingua: Parlamento
Interlingue: Parlament
isiXhosa: Ipalamente
italiano: Parlamento
עברית: פרלמנט
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಸಂಸತ್ತು
къарачай-малкъар: Парламент
ქართული: პარლამენტი
қазақша: Парламент
Kiswahili: Bunge
kurdî: Parleman
Кыргызча: Парламент
ລາວ: ສະພາ
Latina: Parlamentum
latviešu: Parlaments
Lëtzebuergesch: Parlament
lietuvių: Parlamentas
Limburgs: Parlemint
lingála: Palemá
lumbaart: Parlament
magyar: Parlament
македонски: Парламент
Māori: Pāremata
मराठी: संसद
მარგალური: პარლამენტი
مصرى: برلمان
Bahasa Melayu: Parlimen
မြန်မာဘာသာ: လွှတ်တော်
Nederlands: Parlement
日本語: 議会
norsk: Parlament
norsk nynorsk: Parlament
Nouormand: Parlément
occitan: Parlament
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Parlament
Plattdüütsch: Parlament
polski: Parlament
português: Parlamento
română: Parlament
русиньскый: Парламент
русский: Парламент
Scots: Pairlament
Simple English: Parliament
slovenčina: Parlament
slovenščina: Parlament
Soomaaliga: Baarlamaan
کوردی: پەرلەمان
српски / srpski: Скупштина
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Parlament
svenska: Parlament
Tagalog: Parlamento
тоҷикӣ: Парламент
Türkçe: Parlamento
українська: Парламент
Tiếng Việt: Nghị viện
walon: Pårlumint
Winaray: Parlamento
吴语: 议会
ייִדיש: פארלאמענט
粵語: 議會
Zazaki: Parlamento
中文: 议会