A parish is a territorial entity in many Christian denominations, constituting a division within a diocese. A parish is under the pastoral care and clerical jurisdiction of a parish priest, who might be assisted by one or more curates, and who operates from a parish church. Historically, a parish often covered the same geographical area as a manor. Its association with the parish church remains paramount.[1]

By extension the term parish refers not only to the territorial entity but to the people of its community or congregation as well as to church property within it. In England this church property was technically in ownership of the parish priest ex-officio, vested in him on his institution to that parish.

Etymology and use

First attested in English in the late, 13th century, the word parish comes from the Old French paroisse, in turn from Latin: paroecia,[2] the latinisation of the Ancient Greek: παροικία, translit. paroikia, "sojourning in a foreign land",[3] itself from πάροικος (paroikos), "dwelling beside, stranger, sojourner",[4] which is a compound of παρά (pará), "beside, by, near"[5] and οἶκος οἶκος (oîkos), "house".[6]

As an ancient concept, the term "parish" occurs in the long-established Christian denominations: Catholic, Anglican Communion, the Eastern Orthodox Church, and Lutheran churches, and in some Methodist, Congregationalist and Presbyterian administrations.

The eighth Archbishop of Canterbury Theodore of Tarsus (c. 602–690) appended the parish structure to the Anglo-Saxon township unit, where it existed, and where minsters catered to the surrounding district.[7]

Other Languages
العربية: رعية
беларуская: Парафія
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Парафія
български: Енория
bosanski: Parohija
čeština: Farnost
Cymraeg: Plwyf
Deutsch: Pfarrei
eesti: Kihelkond
Ελληνικά: Ενορία
Esperanto: Paroĥo
فارسی: قصبه
français: Paroisse
Frysk: Karspel
Gaeilge: Paróiste
Gaelg: Skeerey
Gàidhlig: Parraist
한국어: 사목구
hrvatski: Župa
Bahasa Indonesia: Paroki
íslenska: Prestakall
italiano: Parrocchia
ქართული: მრევლი
Kiswahili: Parokia
Latina: Paroecia
latviešu: Draudze
Lëtzebuergesch: Par
lietuvių: Parapija
Limburgs: Parochie
magyar: Plébánia
македонски: Парохија
മലയാളം: ഇടവക
日本語: 小教区
Nouormand: Pâraisse
occitan: Parròquia
Picard: Paroéche
Plattdüütsch: Karkspeel
polski: Parafia
português: Paróquia
русский: Приход
Scots: Pairish
Simple English: Parish
slovenčina: Farnosť (cirkev)
slovenščina: Župnija
српски / srpski: Парохија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Parohija
Tagalog: Parokya
Türkçe: Parish
українська: Парафія
Tiếng Việt: Giáo xứ
Võro: Kihlkund
walon: Pårotche
中文: 堂区