The Paris Peace Accords, officially titled the Agreement on Ending the War and Restoring Peace in Vietnam, was a
peace treaty signed on January 27, 1973 to establish peace in
Vietnam and end the
Vietnam War. The treaty included the governments of the
Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam), the
Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam), and the
United States, as well as the
Provisional Revolutionary Government (PRG) that represented indigenous South Vietnamese revolutionaries. It ended direct U.S. military combat, and temporarily stopped the fighting between North and South Vietnam. However, the agreement was not ratified by the
United States Senate.
The negotiations that led to the accord began in 1968, after various lengthy delays. As a result of the accord, the
International Control Commission (ICC) was replaced by the
International Commission of Control and Supervision (ICCS) to fulfill the agreement. The main negotiators of the agreement were
United States National Security Advisor
Henry Kissinger and Vietnamese
Lê Đức Thọ; the two men were awarded the 1973
Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts, although Lê Đức Thọ refused to accept it.