Paris and Commune department Motto(s): Fluctuat nec mergitur "Tossed but never sunk"
Location within Île-de-France region
Coordinates: 48°51′24″N 2°21′03″E / 48°51′24″N 2°21′03″E / 48.8567; 2.3508 Country France Region Île-de-France Department Paris Subdivisions 20 arrondissements Government • Mayor ( 2014–2020) ( Anne Hidalgo ) PS Area 1  • City 105.4 km 2 (40.7 sq mi) • Urban 2,845 km 2 (1,098 sq mi) • Metro 17,174.4 km 2 (6,631.1 sq mi) Population (2018)] 2    • City 2,206,488 • Rank 1st in France • Density 21,000/km 2 (54,000/sq mi) • Urban 10,601,122 • Urban density 3,700/km 2 (9,700/sq mi) • Metro 12,405,426 • Metro density 720/km 2 (1,900/sq mi) Demonym(s) Parisian Parisien(ne) ( ) fr Time zone ( UTC+1 ) CET • Summer ( ) DST ( UTC+2 ) CEST /Postal code INSEE 75056 /75001–75020, 75116 Website www.paris.fr French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km 1 2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 : residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once. Population without double counting Paris ( French pronunciation: [paʁi] () is the ) listen and capital of most populous city , with an area of 105 square kilometres (41 square miles) and a population of 2,206,488. France  With 200,000 inhabitants in 1328, Paris, then already the capital of France, was the most populous city of Europe. By comparison, London in 1300 had 80,000 inhabitants.  Since the 17th century, Paris has been one of Europe's major centres of finance, commerce, fashion, science, music, and painting. The Paris Region had a  of €681 billion (US$850 billion) in 2016, accounting for 31 per cent of the GDP of France. GDP In 2013–2014, the Paris Region had  . According to the the third-highest GDP in the world and the largest regional GDP in the EU Worldwide Cost of Living Survey in 2018, Paris was the second-most expensive city in the world, behind Economist Intelligence Unit and ahead of Singapore , Zurich , Hong Kong and Oslo . Geneva 
The City of Paris's administrative limits form an East-West oval centred on the island at its historical heart, the
; this island is near the top of an arc of the river Île de la Cité that divides the city into southern Seine (Left Bank) and northern Rive Gauche regions. Paris is the core of a built-up area that extends well beyond its limits: commonly referred to as the Rive Droite agglomération Parisienne, and statistically as a (a measure of unité urbaine ), the Paris agglomeration's 2013 population of 10,601,122 made it the urban area . largest urban area in the European Union City-influenced commuter activity reaches well beyond even this in a statistical  (a measure of aire urbaine de Paris ), that had a 2013 population of 12,405,426, metropolitan area a number one-fifth the population of France,  the  metropolitan area in the largest . Eurozone
The city is a major rail, highway, and air-transport hub served by two international airports:
(the second busiest airport in Europe after London Heathrow Airport with 69.5 million passengers in 2017) and Paris-Charles de Gaulle . Paris-Orly  Opened in 1900, the city's subway system, the  , serves 5.23 million passengers daily, Paris Métro and is the second busiest metro system in Europe after  . Moscow Metro is one of the ten busiest railway stations in the world, with 262 million passengers in 2015. Paris's Gare du Nord 
Paris is especially known for its museums and architectural landmarks: the
was the Louvre in 2017, with 8.1 million visitors. most visited art museum in the world  The  and Musée d'Orsay are noted for their collections of French Musée de l'Orangerie art, and the Pompidou Centre Impressionist has the largest collection of modern and contemporary art in Europe. The historical district along the Seine in the city centre is classified as a Musée National d'Art Moderne . Popular landmarks in the centre of the city include UNESCO Heritage Site and the Gothic royal chapel of the Cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris , both on the Sainte-Chapelle ; the Île de la Cité , constructed for the Eiffel Tower ; the Paris Universal Exposition of 1889 and Grand Palais , built for the Petit Palais ; the Paris Universal Exposition of 1900 on the Arc de Triomphe , and the Champs-Élysées on the hill of Basilica of Sacré-Coeur . Paris received 23 million visitors in 2017, measured by hotel stays, with the largest numbers of foreign visitors coming from the United States, the UK, Germany and China. Montmartre  It was ranked as the third most visited travel destination in the world in 2017, after Bangkok and London.  
club and the Paris Saint-Germain club rugby union are based in Paris. The 80,000-seat Stade Français , built for the Stade de France , is located just north of Paris in the neighbouring commune of 1998 FIFA World Cup . Paris hosts the annual Saint-Denis French Open Grand Slam tournament on the red clay of tennis . Paris hosted the Olympic Games in Roland Garros , 1900 and will host the 1924 . The 2024 Summer Olympics and 1938 , the 1998 FIFA World Cups , and the 2007 Rugby World Cup , 1960 , and 1984 2016 were also held in the city and, every July, the UEFA European Championships Tour de France finishes there. bicycle race
The name "Paris" is derived from its early inhabitants, the Celtic
tribe. The city's name is not related to the Parisii of Paris .
Paris is often referred to as The City of Light (
La Ville Lumière), both because of its leading role during the , and more literally because Paris was one of the first European cities to adopt gas Age of Enlightenment . In the 1860s, the boulevards and streets of Paris were illuminated by 56,000 gas lamps. Since the late 19th century, Paris has also been known as street lighting Panam(e) ( pronounced ) in [panam] .
Inhabitants are known in English as "Parisians" and in French as
Parisiens ( [paʁizjɛ̃] (). They are also pejoratively called ) listen Parigots ( [paʁiɡo] (). ) listen
Chavacano de Zamboanga:
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni:
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ:
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски:
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche:
Lingua Franca Nova: