Paksha (or pakṣa: Sanskrit: पक्ष) refers to a fortnight or a lunar phase in a month of the Hindu lunar calendar. [1] [2]

Literally meaning "side", [3] a paksha is the period either side of the Full Moon Day ( Purnima). A lunar month in the Hindu calendar has two fortnights, and begins with the New moon, ( Amavasya). The lunar days are called tithis and each month has 30 tithis, which may vary from 20 – 27 hours. A paksha has 15 tithis, which are calculated by a 12 degree motion of the Moon. The first fortnight between New Moon Day and Full Moon Day is called “Gaura Paksha” or Shukla Paksha, the period of the brightening moon ( waxing moon), and the second fortnight of the month is called “Krishna Paksha”, or Vadhya Paksha, the period of the fading moon ( waning moon). [1] [4] Nimach Panchang begin new lunar month from first day of Krishna Paksha while Gujarat Panchang begin new lunar month from first day of Shukla Paksha. [5]


Shukla Paksha Krishna Paksha
1. Prathama 1. Prathama
2. Dwitiya 2. Dwitiya
3. Tritiya 3. Tritiya
4. Chaturthi 4. Chaturthi
5. Panchami 5. Panchami
6. Shashti 6. Shashti
7. Saptami 7. Saptami
8. Ashtami 8. Ashtami
9. Navami 9. Navami
10. Dashami 10.Dashami
11. Ekadashi 11.Ekadashi
12. Dwadashi 12.Dwadashi
13. Trayodashi 13.Trayodashi
14. Chaturdashi 14.Chaturdashi
15. Purnima 15. Amavasya, Ausi
Other Languages
বাংলা: পক্ষ
español: Shukla
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಪಕ್ಷ
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ପକ୍ଷ
संस्कृतम्: पक्षौ