Pacific Islands Forum

  • pacific islands forum

    logo of the pacific islands forum
    logo
    membership (dark blue) of the pacific islands forum.
    membership (dark blue) of the pacific islands forum.
    seat of secretariatfiji suva, fiji
    membership
    leaders
    • forum chair
    annual rotation
    • secretary general
    papua new guinea meg taylor
    establishment
    • as south pacific forum
    1971
    • renamed pacific islands forum
    1999
    area
    • total
    8,509,959[1] km2 (3,285,714 sq mi)
    population
    • 2016 estimate
    40.054 million[2]
    • density
    4/km2 (10.4/sq mi)
    gdp (nominal)2012 estimate
    • total
    us$ 1.689 trilliona
    • per capita
    us$ 28,543
    hdi (2007–2008)increase 0.753a
    high · 97tha
    currency
    time zone
    website
    forumsec.org
    1. if the forum considered as a single state.

    the pacific islands forum (pif) is an inter-governmental organization that aims to enhance cooperation between countries and territories of the pacific ocean. it was founded in 1971 as the south pacific forum (spf), and changed its name in 1999 to "pacific islands forum", so as to be more inclusive of the forum's oceania-spanning membership of both north and south pacific island countries, including australia. it is a united nations general assembly observer.[3]

    the mission of the pacific islands forum is “to work in support of forum member governments, to enhance the economic and social well-being of the people of the south pacific by fostering cooperation between governments and between international agencies, and by representing the interests of forum members in ways agreed by the forum”. its decisions are implemented by the pacific islands forum secretariat (pifs), which grew out of the south pacific bureau for economic co-operation (spec). as well as its role in harmonising regional positions on various political and policy issues, the forum secretariat has technical programmes in economic development, transport and trade. the pacific islands forum secretary general is the permanent chairman of the council of regional organisations in the pacific (crop).[4]

    australia and new zealand are generally larger and wealthier than the other countries that make up the rest of the forum, with australia's population being around twice that of the other 17 members combined and its economy is more than five times larger. they are significant aid donors and big markets for exports from the other island countries. military and police forces as well as civilian personnel of forum states, chiefly australia and new zealand, have recently been part of regional peacekeeping and stabilization operations in other states, notably in solomon islands (2003–) and nauru (2004–2009), under forum auspices. such regional efforts are mandated by the biketawa declaration, which was adopted at the 31st summit of pacific islands forum leaders, held at kiribati in october 2000. the 50th meeting of the forum is presently taking place in tuvalu, as at august 2019.

  • history
  • membership
  • statistics
  • secretaries general
  • institutions and legal framework
  • pacific island countries trade agreement
  • recent works
  • prospects
  • see also
  • references
  • external links

Pacific Islands Forum

Logo of the Pacific Islands Forum
Logo
Membership (dark blue) of the Pacific Islands Forum.
Membership (dark blue) of the Pacific Islands Forum.
Seat of SecretariatFiji Suva, Fiji
Membership
Leaders
• Forum Chair
Annual rotation
Papua New Guinea Meg Taylor
Establishment
• as South Pacific Forum
1971
• renamed Pacific Islands Forum
1999
Area
• Total
8,509,959[1] km2 (3,285,714 sq mi)
Population
• 2016 estimate
40.054 million[2]
• Density
4/km2 (10.4/sq mi)
GDP (nominal)2012 estimate
• Total
US$ 1.689 trilliona
• Per capita
US$ 28,543
HDI (2007–2008)Increase 0.753a
high · 97tha
Currency
Time zone
  1. If the Forum considered as a single state.

The Pacific Islands Forum (PIF) is an inter-governmental organization that aims to enhance cooperation between countries and territories of the Pacific Ocean. It was founded in 1971 as the South Pacific Forum (SPF), and changed its name in 1999 to "Pacific Islands Forum", so as to be more inclusive of the Forum's Oceania-spanning membership of both north and south Pacific island countries, including Australia. It is a United Nations General Assembly observer.[3]

The mission of the Pacific Islands Forum is “to work in support of Forum member governments, to enhance the economic and social well-being of the people of the South Pacific by fostering cooperation between governments and between international agencies, and by representing the interests of Forum members in ways agreed by the Forum”. Its decisions are implemented by the Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat (PIFS), which grew out of the South Pacific Bureau for Economic Co-operation (SPEC). As well as its role in harmonising regional positions on various political and policy issues, the Forum Secretariat has technical programmes in economic development, transport and trade. The Pacific Islands Forum Secretary General is the permanent Chairman of the Council of Regional Organisations in the Pacific (CROP).[4]

Australia and New Zealand are generally larger and wealthier than the other countries that make up the rest of the Forum, with Australia's population being around twice that of the other 17 members combined and its economy is more than five times larger. They are significant aid donors and big markets for exports from the other island countries. Military and police forces as well as civilian personnel of Forum states, chiefly Australia and New Zealand, have recently been part of regional peacekeeping and stabilization operations in other states, notably in Solomon Islands (2003–) and Nauru (2004–2009), under Forum auspices. Such regional efforts are mandated by the Biketawa Declaration, which was adopted at the 31st Summit of Pacific Islands Forum Leaders, held at Kiribati in October 2000. The 50th meeting of the Forum is presently taking place in Tuvalu, as at August 2019.

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