Ouagadougou

Ouagadougou
City
Place des cinéastes
Place des cinéastes
Nickname(s): Ouaga
Ouagadougou is located in Burkina Faso
Ouagadougou
Ouagadougou
Location within Burkina Faso
Coordinates: 12°21′26″N 1°32′7″W / 12°21′26″N 1°32′7″W / 12.35722; -1.53528
Country   Burkina Faso
Region Centre Region
Province Kadiogo
Government
 • Mayor Armand Béouindé (since 2016)
Area
 • City 219.3 km2 (84.7 sq mi)
 • Metro 2,805 km2 (1,083 sq mi)
Elevation 305 m (1,001 ft)
Population (2015) [1]
 • City 2,200,000
 • Density 6,727/km2 (17,420/sq mi)
 •  Metro 2,500,000
Area code(s) +226 50
Website www.mairie-ouaga.bf

Ouagadougou ( /; French pronunciation: ​ [waɡaduɡu]; Mossi: [ˈwɔɣədəɣʊ]) is the capital of Burkina Faso and the administrative, communications, cultural and economic centre of the nation. It is also the country's largest city, with a population of 1,475,223 (as of 2006). [2] The city's name is often shortened to Ouaga. The inhabitants are called ouagalais. The spelling of the name Ouagadougou is derived from the French orthography common in former French African colonies.

Ouagadougou's primary industries are food processing and textiles. It is served by an international airport and it is linked by rail to Abidjan in the Ivory Coast. There is no rail service to Kaya. There is a paved highway to Niamey, Niger, south to Ghana, and southwest to Ivory Coast. Ouagadougou was the site of Ouagadougou grand market, one of the largest markets in West Africa, which burned in 2003 and has since been reopened. Other attractions include the National Museum of Burkina Faso, the Moro-Naba Palace (site of the Moro-Naba Ceremony), the National Museum of Music, and several craft markets.

History

Europe, Africa and the Near East in 1200 AD, showing the Kingdom of Wagadugu (in West Africa, just to the right of the area labeled '25') and its neighbors.

The name Ouagadougou dates back to the 15th century when the Ninsi tribes inhabited the area. They were in constant conflict until 1441 when Wubri, a Yonyonse hero and an important figure in Burkina Faso's history, led his tribe to victory. He then renamed the area from "Kumbee-Tenga", as the Ninsi had called it, to "Wage sabre soba koumbem tenga", meaning "head war chief's village". Ouagadougou is a Francophone spelling of the name.

The city became the capital of the Mossi Empire in 1441 and was the permanent residence of the Mossi emperors (Moro-Naba) from 1681. [3] The Moro-Naba Ceremony is still performed every Friday by the Moro-Naba and his court. The French made Ouagadougou the capital of the Upper Volta territory (basically the same area as contemporary independent Burkina Faso) in 1919. In 1954 the railroad line from Ivory Coast reached the city. The population of Ouagadougou doubled from 1954 to 1960 and has been doubling about every ten years since. [3]

2016 AQIM and Al-Mourabitoun attacks

On 15 January 2016, gunmen armed with heavy weapons attacked the Cappuccino restaurant and the Splendid Hotel in the heart of Ouagadougou. 28 people were killed, [4] [5] while at least 56 were wounded; a total of 176 hostages were released [6] after a government counter-attack into the next morning as the siege ended. Three perpetrators were also killed.

Other Languages
адыгабзэ: Уагадугу
Afrikaans: Ouagadougou
አማርኛ: ዋጋዱጉ
العربية: واغادوغو
aragonés: Ouagadougou
arpetan: Ouagadougou
asturianu: Uagadugú
azərbaycanca: Uaqaduqu
تۆرکجه: اوآگادوگو
bamanankan: Wagadugu
Bân-lâm-gú: Ouagadougou
беларуская: Уагадугу
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Уагадугу
български: Уагадугу
bosanski: Ouagadougou
brezhoneg: Ouagadougou
català: Ouagadougou
Чӑвашла: Уагадугу
čeština: Ouagadougou
chiShona: Ouagadougou
Cymraeg: Ouagadougou
Deutsch: Ouagadougou
español: Uagadugú
Esperanto: Uagaduguo
euskara: Uagadugu
فارسی: آواگادوگو
Fiji Hindi: Ouagadougou
français: Ouagadougou
Fulfulde: Ouagadougou
Gaeilge: Ouagadougou
Gàidhlig: Ouagadougou
galego: Uagadugú
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Ouagadougou
한국어: 와가두구
Հայերեն: Ուագադուգու
hornjoserbsce: Ouagadougou
hrvatski: Ouagadougou
Ilokano: Ouagadougou
Bahasa Indonesia: Ouagadougou
Interlingue: Ouagadougou
íslenska: Ouagadougou
italiano: Ouagadougou
עברית: ואגאדוגו
Basa Jawa: Ouagadougou
ქართული: უაგადუგუ
kernowek: Ouagadougou
Kinyarwanda: Wagadugu
Kiswahili: Wagadugu
Kreyòl ayisyen: Ouagadougou
Кыргызча: Уагадугу
кырык мары: Уагадугу
Latina: Uagadugu
latviešu: Vagadugu
Lëtzebuergesch: Ouagadougou
lietuvių: Uagadugu
Ligure: Ouagadougou
lumbaart: Ouagadougou
magyar: Ouagadougou
македонски: Уагадугу
Malagasy: Ouagadougou
മലയാളം: ഉഗാദുഗൌ
मराठी: वागाडुगू
მარგალური: უაგადუგუ
Bahasa Melayu: Ouagadougou
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Ouagadougou
Nāhuatl: Huagadugu
Dorerin Naoero: Ouagadougou
Nederlands: Ouagadougou
нохчийн: Уагадугу
Nordfriisk: Ouagadougou
norsk nynorsk: Ouagadougou
occitan: Ouagadougou
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Uagadugu
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਵਾਗਾਦੁਗੂ
پنجابی: اوگاڈوگو
Papiamentu: Ouagadougou
Piemontèis: Ouagadougou
polski: Wagadugu
português: Ouagadougou
română: Ouagadougou
русский: Уагадугу
sicilianu: Ouagadougou
Simple English: Ouagadougou
slovenčina: Ouagadougou
slovenščina: Ouagadougou
ślůnski: Ouagadougou
Soomaaliga: Ougadougou
српски / srpski: Уагадугу
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Ouagadougou
svenska: Ouagadougou
Tagalog: Ouagadougou
தமிழ்: வாகடூகு
Taqbaylit: Wagadugu
тоҷикӣ: Уагадугу
Türkçe: Ouagadougou
удмурт: Уагадугу
українська: Уагадугу
vèneto: Ouagadougou
vepsän kel’: Uagadugu
Tiếng Việt: Ouagadougou
Volapük: Ouagadougou
Winaray: Ouagadougou
吴语: 瓦加杜古
ייִדיש: וואגאדוגו
Yorùbá: Ouagadougou
粵語: Ouagadougou
中文: 瓦加杜古
Kabɩyɛ: Wagaadugu