Osmussaar 2001.jpg
Limestone cliff on the east coast of Osmussaar
Eesti Osmussaar.png
LocationBaltic Sea
Coordinates59°17′30″N 23°23′30″E / 59°17′30″N 23°23′30″E / 59.29167; 23.39167
Area4.8 km2 (1.9 sq mi)
Length4.6 km (2.86 mi)
Width1.3 km (0.81 mi)
Coastline14 km (8.7 mi)
CountyLääne County
MunicipalityLääne-Nigula Parish
Population4 (2013)

Osmussaar (Swedish: Odensholm, German: Odinsholm) is an Estonian island situated in the mouth of the Gulf of Finland in the Baltic Sea, 7.5 km off the Estonian mainland. Administratively the island is part of Lääne-Nigula Parish in Lääne County. Its area is 4.8 km2 (1,200 acres).

Before the Soviet Union occupied Estonia during World War II, around 130 people, mainly Estonian Swedes, lived on the island. The continuous settlement of Swedes on Osmussaar had dated back for centuries. Currently Osmussaar has only two permanent inhabitants[1] and the island is a nature reserve.


The island's Swedish name Odensholm (or Odinsholm) derives from the Vikings' chief god, Odin, who, according to a legend, is buried on the island.[2] The origin of the Estonian name Osmussaar is not clear.

Other Languages
Cebuano: Osmussaar
čeština: Osmussaar
dansk: Osmussaar
Deutsch: Osmussaar
eesti: Osmussaar
español: Osmussaare
français: Osmussaar
հայերեն: Օսմուսաար
hrvatski: Osmussaar
italiano: Osmussaar
latviešu: Osmusāre
lietuvių: Osmusaras
lumbaart: Osmussaar
magyar: Osmussaar
Nederlands: Osmussaar
norsk: Osmussaar
norsk nynorsk: Osmussaar
polski: Osmussaar
русский: Осмуссаар
српски / srpski: Осмусар
suomi: Osmussaari
svenska: Odensholm
українська: Осмуссаар